Latex alergy symptoms-Latex allergy | Great Ormond Street Hospital

Allergic reactions appear when a person's immune system reacts to nontoxic substances, in this case, latex. Latex is a milky sap produced by some plants, including the tropical rubber tree. It is a mixture of water, sugar, and proteins. Plants usually release latex after they are injured, in the same way that humans bleed following an injury. Plants use latex as a defense against insects.

Latex alergy symptoms

Latex alergy symptoms

Sinus Infection. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. If you have a latex allergic Latex alergy symptoms, you may have one or more of the following signs and symptoms:. Related Information. What are the symptoms of latex allergy? What is anaphylaxis? The highest risk is in children with spina bifida.

Sorority alumnae shirts. What is latex?

Corticosteroid drugs, which are powerful anti-inflammatory agents, are used for more severe symptoms. Histamine is partly responsible for the redness, itching and swelling that Latex alergy symptoms occur in the skin during an allergic reaction, and it produces symptoms of hives, rashes, a runny nose, and watery, swollen eyes. Prognosis With prompt, appropriate treatment, most people recover completely from an allergic reaction to latex. Given the potential for a very serious allergic reaction, proper diagnosis Gay friendster latex allergy is important. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Products that contain latex. Show references Hamilton RG. However, this first exposure can sensitize the immune system to the allergen, which can cause symptoms after later exposures. In fact, the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America estimates that between 8 and 17 percent of all healthcare workers have the allergy. Similar proteins are even found in popular foods. Subscribe to Drugs. An allergist has specialized training and expertise in managing allergies, allergic rhinitis and asthma. Living Healthy.

Latex allergy develops after contact with latex.

  • Allergies are fairly commonplace and many of us have them.
  • Medically reviewed by Drugs.
  • Latex is a milky sap produced by rubber trees.
  • Latex allergy is a reaction to certain proteins found in natural rubber latex, a product made from the rubber tree.
  • Latex is a natural rubber made from the milky sap of the Brazilian rubber tree Hevea brasiliensis.
  • Fast forward to , and the public is now well versed in the numerous allergies that can pose life threatening results if not treated quickly, including latex.

Skip to content. Learn the signs and symptoms of food allergy. I think my allergist kept me alive. Allergists are specially trained to help you take control of your allergies and asthma, so you can live the life you want. An allergist has specialized training and expertise in managing allergies, allergic rhinitis and asthma.

They can develop a plan for rhinitis treatment. The goal will be to enable you to lead a life that is as normal and symptom-free as possible. Natural rubber latex comes from the sap of the rubber tree, Hevea brasiliensis, found in Africa and Southeast Asia.

Allergic reactions to products made with latex develop in persons who become allergic or sensitized to proteins contained in natural rubber latex. Natural rubber latex should not be confused with synthetic rubber made from chemicals.

Latex is a common component of many medical and dental supplies. These include disposable gloves, dental dams, airway and intravenous tubing, syringes, stethoscopes, catheters, dressings and bandages. Latex also is found in many consumer products.

These include condoms, handbags, balloons, athletic shoes, tires, tools, underwear leg and waistbands, rubber toys, baby bottles, nipples and pacifiers. What triggers the allergic reaction to latex? When people with latex allergy come into direct contact with latex, an allergic reaction may follow. Common examples include:. In most cases, latex allergy develops after many previous exposures to latex.

Latex allergy symptoms may include hives , itching, stuffy or runny nose. It can cause asthma symptoms of wheezing, chest tightness and difficulty breathing. Symptoms begin within minutes after exposure to latex containing products. Allergic skin problems can occur following direct contact with allergic latex proteins in latex glove products. Symptoms may include immediate itching, redness and swelling of skin that touched the item containing latex. These and other latex allergic reactions are less common now.

This dermatitis is recognized by the eczema and blisters on the back of the hands. It resembles a poison ivy rash, and begins 1 to 3 days after wearing rubber gloves. Direct physical contact with latex products is not needed to trigger an allergic reaction.

Anaphylaxis and severe asthmatic reactions have been caused by inhaling latex proteins in the air resulting from the powder in the latex glove. If you have latex allergy you also can have food allergies. The foods most likely to cause this problem include: apple, avocado, banana, carrot, celery, chestnut, kiwi, melons, papaya, raw potato and tomato.

How is latex allergy diagnosed? Latex allergy is diagnosed by an allergy blood test. The best treatment for latex allergy is avoidance. If you have severe latex allergy reaction you should:.

Health care workers with a history of latex sensitivity who must wear gloves should stop wearing latex gloves. Their co-workers should also not use latex gloves, but rather switch to synthetic gloves. Patients with latex allergy are at risk of asthma on exposure to latex-containing aerosols.

They should try to avoid areas where powdered latex gloves or other latex products are used. If you have latex allergy you should avoid direct contact with all products and devices that contain latex. Also avoid food that causes an allergic reaction. Latex allergy problems during dental, medical or surgical procedures can be prevented by warning health care providers about latex allergy before any test or treatment.

Latex allergic people can receive medical or dental care in a latex-safe area. Hospitals and clinics that use only low protein latex gloves and non-latex gloves have experienced dramatic declines in new cases of latex allergy. Allergists can provide latex-allergic people with information and assistance to help them avoid products which may contain latex. The American Latex Allergy Association also has additional information.

Toggle navigation. Member Sign-in Enter terms. Contact Dermatitis Eczema. Types of Allergies. Food Allergy. Skin Allergy. Learn about allergic skin reactions and what causes them. Dust Allergy. Insect Sting Allergy. Learn the signs and symptoms of different types of insect sting allergy.

Pet Allergy. Pet allergies can contribute to constant allergy symptoms, such as causing your eyes to water, or causing you to start sneezing. Eye Allergy. Learn about eye allergies, a condition that affects millions of Americans. Drug Allergies. If you develop a rash, hives or difficulty breathing after taking certain medications, you may have a drug allergy.

Allergic Rhinitis. If you sneeze a lot, if your nose is often runny or stuffy, or if your eyes, mouth or skin often feels itchy, you may have allergic rhinitis. Latex Allergy. Allergic reactions to latex may be serious and can very rarely be fatal.

If you have latex allergy you should limit or avoid future exposure to latex products. Mold Allergy. Learn the signs and symptoms of mold allergy. Sinus Infection. Sinus infection is a major health problem.

It afflicts 31 million people in the United States. Cockroach Allergy. Learn the signs and symptoms of cockroach allergy. Types of Asthma Adult-Onset Asthma. Can you get asthma as an adult? What causes adult onset asthma? Read more to find out, and see an allergist for treatment. Allergic Asthma. Learn about the triggers and treatment for allergic asthma and how an allergist can help you manage allergy and asthma symptoms.

How does chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder or COPD overlap with asthma? Learn the symptoms and treatment options and see an allergist for help. If you start wheezing or coughing during exercise, or if physical exertion makes it difficult for you to breathe, you may have exercise-induced asthma. Nonallergic Asthma. Learn about the triggers and treatment for non-allergic asthma and how an allergist can help you manage symptoms.

Occupational Asthma. If you experience wheezing, coughing, chest tightness or shortness of breath at work, you may have occupational asthma. Recent News Menu. Triggers and Symptoms Management and Treatment. Gerri, who had a life-threatening reaction to latex. What Is Natural Rubber Latex? What products contain natural rubber latex? Triggers and Symptoms. Common examples include: A medical or dental procedure conducted by health care workers wearing natural rubber latex gloves Blowing up a rubber balloon What are latex allergy symptoms?

What foods are potential problems for people with latex allergy? Management and Treatment. How is latex allergy treated?

If you have severe latex allergy reaction you should: Wear medical alert identification Carry an epinephrine adrenaline auto-injector for emergency treatment Health care workers with a history of latex sensitivity who must wear gloves should stop wearing latex gloves.

How can latex allergy be prevented? I control my allergies.

We comply with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information - verify here. But if you work in the health care field, avoiding latex can be trickier. These include condoms, handbags, balloons, athletic shoes, tires, tools, underwear leg and waistbands, rubber toys, baby bottles, nipples and pacifiers. Kelly KJ. These and other latex allergic reactions are less common now. Inhaling latex particles is a common way for health care workers to become sensitized to latex.

Latex alergy symptoms

Latex alergy symptoms

Latex alergy symptoms. You are here

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Latex allergy: Symptoms, diagnosis, treatments

Allergic reactions appear when a person's immune system reacts to nontoxic substances, in this case, latex. Latex is a milky sap produced by some plants, including the tropical rubber tree.

It is a mixture of water, sugar, and proteins. Plants usually release latex after they are injured, in the same way that humans bleed following an injury. Plants use latex as a defense against insects. Natural latex is usually white but can be scarlet, orange, and yellow. In many modern products, latex is synthesized, rather than being taken from natural sources. Although rubber gloves are the main source of allergic reactions to latex, it is also used in a wide range of products, such as condoms and some medical devices.

Latex is used in over 40, products with many different uses. According to the United States Department of Labor, percent of healthcare workers are thought to have a latex allergy, as well as up to 68 percent of all spina bifida patients due to regular surgical procedures.

However, overall, less than 1 percent of the general population is allergic. Allergic people's immune systems identify latex as a pathogen - a substance or organism that harms health. The immune system triggers cells in the body to produce antibodies that fight the latex component.

The next time the body comes into contact with latex, the antibodies detect it and signal the immune system to release chemicals, including histamine into the bloodstream. The more a susceptible person is exposed to latex, the greater their immune reaction is likely to be - this is called sensitization. During manufacturing, latex is often modified. Sometimes, the product is not thoroughly washed. As a result, more "free" latex is present on the surface.

This "free" latex is responsible for a significant proportion of latex allergies. Free latex easily sticks to the powder that is often used in surgical gloves. During use, the gloves frequently "snap" when putting them on or taking them off. This snapping sends the powder into the air.

Inhaled latex can be a serious allergic problem. This is a serious and rare form of allergy causing a severe immediate reaction that can be life-threatening. Some people with type 1 latex hypersensitivity might also react in a similar way to bee stings. People who are severely allergic to latex can react to clothes, shoes, and other things that contain natural rubber latex elastic bands, rubber gloves, condoms, pacifiers, baby-bottle nipples, balloons, cars.

People with this type of allergy are very sensitive - a type 1 reaction can be triggered by exposure to airborne particles resulting from blowing up balloons. This can happen even if the person is not present while the balloons are being inflated. People with allergic contact dermatitis have a delayed skin reaction and a rash after contact with latex.

Allergic contact dermatitis is caused by the additives and chemicals used to process the rubber. Today, there are tests that determine which chemical s the person is allergic to. As soon as they find out, they can then avoid products that are processed with that chemical.

This is the most common type of reaction and also the mildest. It causes dry, itchy, irritated areas on the skin. Burning and scaling lesions of the skin are most often located on the patient's hands. The skin becomes irritated after using gloves, frequent hand-washing, incomplete drying, and exposure to hand sanitizers, as well as the talcum powder substance that gloves are coated in. Some people are genetically predisposed to be allergic to latex.

However, repeated exposure to latex is necessary for an allergy to develop. People at increased risk include those who are:. Also, people with allergies have an increased risk; especially those with allergies to plant foods, such as mango , kiwi, avocado, pineapple, banana , chestnuts, strawberry, and passion fruit see section below: "What is a cross-reaction? Not all brands contain latex. People with allergies should check the labels, or get in touch with the manufacturer.

Some people who are allergic to latex may also be allergic to specific foods - we call this a cross-reaction. In short, the body's immune system responds to a food item, producing the same allergic symptoms as would occur with exposure to latex. Cross-reactions are not the same for all people. While some people react to all foods known to cause a cross-reaction listed below , others may not. In the same way, if someone is allergic to any of the foods listed below, they might also be allergic to latex:.

Some fruits - strawberries, pineapple, pears, nectarines, cherries, passionfruit, papaya , melons, grapes, figs, plums, peaches, kiwi, bananas, and apples. Anybody planning to undergo a medical procedure should tell their doctor if they are allergic to any of these foods. There is a risk they may have a cross-reaction to latex.

The doctor may order a standard allergy patch test, which can determine whether the patient is sensitive to latex and other similar substances. Great care needs to be taken when doing this test because, in some cases, patients can have a strong reaction.

There is no current treatment available to desensitize someone that is allergic to latex. In other words, there is no way to prevent an allergic reaction if somebody is allergic to latex and comes into contact with it.

The most effective way to treat this type of allergy is to avoid products containing latex. Patients should learn how to identify and stay away from products that might contain latex. There are other substances that can be used to substitute latex, such as polymers nitrile, SBR, Butyl, Vitron and synthetic elastic, such as elastane or neoprene.

Unfortunately, makers of latex-containing products are not legally required to mention on their labels which chemicals were used in the manufacturing process. Products made from natural rubber containing other emulsions seem to have a very low potential for causing sensitization. In some cases, the patients' sensitivity is so heightened that replacement of latex-containing products with non-latex ones may still result in a reaction. This is because the latex-free ones are manufactured in the same facility as the latex-containing products, and there are traces of latex still about.

Those cases are comparable to food allergy sufferers peanuts, for instance who are unable to consume other produce manufactured in the same plant. Some products are labeled "safe latex" by the manufacturer. This indicates lower proportions of natural latex.

However, they can still cause latex allergy. Patients should be aware of such labeling. Table of contents What is latex? Causes Types of latex allergy Who is at risk? Where is latex found? What is a cross-reaction? Diagnosis Treatment. Fast facts on latex allergy Latex can be found in many products, including balloons, medical devices, and bathmats.

Latex is naturally produced by some plants. Less than 1 percent of the general population is allergic to latex. The most common allergic reaction to latex is irritant contact dermatitis.

Some people with a serious latex allergy wear a band to alert healthcare workers. Everything you need to know about kiwi allergy.

Latex is found in a huge number of products.

Latex alergy symptoms

Latex alergy symptoms

Latex alergy symptoms