Teen discourses-

Skip to search form Skip to main content. Public discourses about teenage pregnancy: disruption, restoration, and ideology. As the media, political pundits, and private citizens pondered the meaning of these events, they expressed viewpoints, explanations, and possible solutions in mass-mediated outlets. View on PubMed. Open Access.

Teen discourses

Teen discourses

Teen discourses

Teen discourses

BrownKelly L L'Engle. It is better to treat the event itself as beyond our ability to interpret it, dicsourses know what it means. It removes the constraints that binaries hold on the Teen discourses ways of thinking about youth and opens up new outlooks. It would appear that modern adult culture has seemingly Hot sexy wifes free movie trailers a dead end when an attempt is made to theorize or conclude issues dealing with deviant youth behavior. Derrida claims that thinking in terms of binaries is Teen discourses to explain this behavior and proposes that we engage in a space of undecidability. Gabrielpp. As the media, political pundits, and private citizens pondered the meaning of these events, they expressed viewpoints, explanations, and possible solutions in mass-mediated outlets.

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Mainstream media typically adopt the dominant state-sanctioned discourse and showcases it by giving airtime and print space to authority figures from Leg and ass institutions. The merging of organic technology a prototype transducerthe childlike computer and a child's toy is able to deflect the nuclear missile and save the world. Stereotyping and evaluation in implicit race bias: Evidence for independent constructs and unique effects on behavior. Wiemann et al. Since Teen discourses applied the same set of attributes to Disgusting xxx pictures teen and adult parents, the magnitude of the negative stereotype could be quantified. For the future noir city is more nightmare vision, more anxiety than wish-fulfilment. Continue Reading. In each case a teenage girl sacrifices her major object of cathexis, her techno-friend. Follow-up contrasts revealed that adult mothers were rated more positively than all other types of people, including adult fathers. Mike Males provides one good example of this type of counter-discourse in his book The Scapegoat Generation, in which he argues that contemporary Teen discourses serve as scapegoats for a variety of adult-generated social ills. The affective component of their attitudes was measured using feeling thermometers that gauged overall emotional reactions to pregnant teens, teen mothers and teen fathers. Stigmatisation towards young parents is prevalent. Some definitions of discourse are largely derived from the work of French philosopher Michel Foucault. Devlin, R. Teen discourses on youth: Teen discourses in crisis?

This paper contextualizes the reaction to the practice of sexting among adolescents by exploring legal responses and reviewing the literature on teens and cell phone use.

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  • Youth may be particularly attuned to social evaluation during the teen years with implications for physical and mental health.
  • His discourses stress love, joy, faith, gratitude, thanksgiving, peace, adversity, impartiality, and equality before God and recommends them to the single individual.
  • Discourse from Latin discursus , "running to and from" denotes written and spoken communications :.
  • Discourse refers to how we think and communicate about people, things, the social organization of society, and the relationships among and between all three.
  • In this paper I explore the themes of heterosexualized competition and aggression in Avril Lavigne's music video Girlfriend as representative of the violent heterosexualized politics within which girls are incited to compete in contemporary schooling and popular culture.

Skip to search form Skip to main content. Public discourses about teenage pregnancy: disruption, restoration, and ideology. As the media, political pundits, and private citizens pondered the meaning of these events, they expressed viewpoints, explanations, and possible solutions in mass-mediated outlets.

View on PubMed. Open Access. Save to Library. Create Alert. Share This Paper. Topics from this paper. Citations Publications citing this paper. Adults Robin E. Jensen , Nicole Martins , Melissa M. How to be a woman. Models of masochism and sacrifice in young adult fiction Christine Ruth Jarvis. Robbins , Lorenza De Los Santos. References Publications referenced by this paper. Former teen star applauds Jamie Lynn Spears for keeping baby.

ABC News. Stigma stories: four discourses about teen mothers, welfare, and poverty. Deirdre M. Where inequality lives in the body: teenage pregnancy, public pedagogies and individual lives Wendy Luttrell. Impregnating images. Discourses and Teenage Pregnancy. Politicizing Personal Choices? Kirby , Marie Thompson. Who's guarding what?

A poststructural feminist analysis of gardasil discourses. Marie Thompson. Brown , Kelly L L'Engle. OK Staff. Impact of the sexual revolution : Consequence of risky sexual behaviors.

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The proliferation of space is itself politicised: the polis of the far future appears to be a series of federated villages. Psychological Medicine. All three studies suggest that students become less accepting towards teen mothers as they continue their education. Two narrative motifs construct the body of the teen as anarchic. Discourses are structured and interrelated; some are more prestigious, legitimated and hence 'more obvious' than others, while there are discourses that have an uphill struggle to win any recognition at all. Teen fathers may also be farther from their perceived acceptable age to begin childbearing.

Teen discourses

Teen discourses

Teen discourses

Teen discourses. Teen Girls Negotiating Discourses of Competitive, Heterosexualized Aggression

Further research that attempts to modify attitudes will need to consider not just cognitive components of social evaluation, but also affective components. The homogeneity of the current sample is both a strength and a limitation. The limited age range and relationship status provide an initial understanding of the magnitude of stereotypes by young adults only slightly older than pregnant teens.

As two-thirds of the sample reported having a close friend or family member with a teen pregnancy or who was a teen parent, the feelings and beliefs held by university students contribute towards the social evaluation perceived by pregnant and parenting teens. However, it is equally important to assess the attitudes of others who may contribute to the perceived social evaluative threat, including married adults with children and social and health service personnel.

Negative social evaluations towards pregnant and parenting teens may impact short- and long-term outcomes in several ways SmithBattle, First, evidence from prior research has shown that some pregnant teens delay entry into prenatal care due to shame and embarrassment Atuyambe et al. Inadequate prenatal care, in turn, is related to increased likelihood of low birth weight, prematurity and other perinatal complications.

Second, negative social evaluations may make it difficult for pregnant teens to stay in school and finish their education Luttrell, ; Wiemann et al. Third, perceived social evaluations may become internalised, affecting both how teens feel about themselves and actual physical functioning Eisenberger et al. A review by Silk et al. Pregnant and parenting teens' attunement to social evaluation, therefore, may partially account for links between teen parenting and health outcomes.

Reducing negative social evaluations of pregnant and parenting teens has important implications for society. Continued endorsement of unfavourable attitudes and feelings may actually contribute to less optimal outcomes for teen parents and their children. In contrast, minimising negative social evaluations has the potential to improve prenatal care and subsequent birth outcomes, to enhance educational outcomes, to support positive self-concepts of teen mothers and to improve the mental and physical well-being of teen parents Atuyambe et al.

Her recent book, Teen Pregnancy and Parenting: Rethinking the Myths and Misperceptions, coauthored by Dr Nicholson and Dr Farris, highlights conclusions from over 20 years of longitudinal research on teenage mothers and their children.

Her additional research interests include development of children with cognitive disabilities. Jody S. Her primary research interest focuses on parents' capacity to reduce children's exposure to environmental neurotoxins to optimise child development. She is committed to a community-based research orientation to inform public policy.

Her secondary research interests include adolescent mothers and their children, grandparents raising their grandchildren, fathering, health behaviour promotion for children with cancer and research methodology. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. International Journal of Adolescence and Youth. Int J Adolesc Youth. Published online Oct 1. Nicholson b. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer.

Email: ude. Received Aug 11; Accepted Sep 5. The moral rights of the named author s have been asserted. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Youth may be particularly attuned to social evaluation during the teen years with implications for physical and mental health.

Keywords: teen pregnancy and parenting, teen fathers, social evaluation, attitudes, stereotypes. Vulnerability to negative social evaluation Stigma towards pregnant and parenting teens may constitute an ongoing social evaluative threat that directly impacts their developing self-concept and identity Eisenberger et al. Social evaluation of teen parents Stigmatisation towards young parents is prevalent.

Method Participants The sample included college students between the ages of 18 and Measures Demographic questions provided information about sex, race and class rank from freshman to senior. Table 1 Semantic differential adjective pairs. Open in a separate window. Results Descriptive information including mean ratings on the PTTM, feelings thermometers and semantic differential scales provided evidence of the positive and negative social evaluations of university students towards pregnant and parenting teens.

Descriptive analyses On average, participants reported the youngest acceptable age to begin childbearing was Figure 1. Feeling thermometer ratings of pregnant teens, teen mothers and teen fathers by contact with a friend or family member who had a teen pregnancy or was a teen parent.

Ratings below 50 indicate relatively more cold and unfavourable feelings. Figure 2. Semantic differential ratings by contact with a friend or family member who had a teen pregnancy or was a teen parent. Higher values indicate positive ratings and lower values indicate negative ratings. Figure 3. Semantic differential ratings by class rank. Discussion Challenges associated with being a teen parent may be exacerbated by the cold and unfavourable feelings endured from others.

Differential social evaluation of pregnant teens, teen mothers and teen fathers Despite the overall negative perceptions of pregnant and parenting teens, attitudes were differentiated with teen fathers facing the most negative social evaluations.

Individual differences in social evaluation of pregnant and parenting teens Attitudes towards pregnant and parenting teens were remarkably robust despite individual differences in sex, race, class rank and contact with a friend or family member who had a teen pregnancy or was a teen parent.

Strengths and limitations The current study extends prior research in several ways. Implications Negative social evaluations towards pregnant and parenting teens may impact short- and long-term outcomes in several ways SmithBattle, References Amodio D.

Devine P. Stereotyping and evaluation in implicit race bias: Evidence for independent constructs and unique effects on behavior.

Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Faxelid E. Seeking safety and empathy: Adolescent health seeking behavior during pregnancy and early motherhood in central Uganda. Journal of Adolescence. Langton C. Young disadvantaged men as fathers. The social brain in adolescence. Nature Reviews Neuroscience. Stephens C. Irreconcilable differences: Health professionals' constructions of adolescence and motherhood. Social Science and Medicine. Individual responsibility and social constraint: The construction of adolescent motherhood in social scientific research.

Blakemore J. The social brain in adolescence: Evidence from functional magnetic resonance imaging and behavioural studies. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews. Stereotypes and prejudice: Their automatic and controlled components. Kemeny M. Acute stressors and cortisol responses: A theoretical integration and synthesis of laboratory research.

Psychological Bulletin. Williams K. Does rejection hurt? An FMRI study of social exclusion. College students' positivity toward teen mothers. Journal of Family Social Work. Dovidio J. The role of emotions in determining willingness to engage in intergroup contact. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. Ford-Gilboe M. An exploration of the relationships between health promotion practices, health work, and felt stigma in families headed by adolescent mothers.

Canadian Journal of Nursing Research. Damned if you do: Culture, identity, privilege, and teenage childbearing in the United States. Low-income young fathers: Contexts, connections, and self. Social Work. Adolescent perceptions of teen births.

Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing. Diaz V. Prenatal care initiation among pregnant teens in the United States: An analysis over 25 years. Journal of Adolescent Health. Contact theory of intergroup hostility: A review and evaluation of the theoretical and empirical literature.

International Journal of Group Tensions. Stigma stories: Four discourses about teen mothers, welfare, and poverty. Youth and Society. Warning labels: Stigma and the popularizing of teen mothers' stories. Curriculum Inquiry. Barnett S.

Attitudes toward teen mothers among nursing students and psychometric evaluation of Positivity Toward Teen Mothers scale. Nurse Education Today.

Quirin K. Fighting stigma: An adolescent mother takes action. New York, NY: Routledge; Pregnant bodies, fertile minds: Gender, race, and the schooling of pregnant teens. Chandra A. Dapretto M. Neural correlates of social exclusion during adolescence: Understanding the distress of peer rejection. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. Tesser A. The role of beliefs and feelings in guiding behavior: The mismatch model. The construction of social judgments. In: Marting L. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum; Predictors and consequences of adolescent norms against teenage pregnancy.

Sociological Quarterly. Miller G. Targeted rejection triggers differential pro-and anti-inflammatory gene expression in adolescents as a function of social status. Clinical Psychological Science. Hamilton B. Wang W. Modern parenthood: Role of moms and dads converge as they balance work and family. Testing the cognitive-affective consistency model of intercultural attitudes: Do stereotypical perceptions influence prejudicial feelings?

Journal of Intercultural Communication Research. Media impact on explicit and implicit attitudes toward teen pregnancy Unpublished master's thesis [ Google Scholar ] Sebastian C. Blakemore S. Development of the self-concept during adolescence. Trends in Cognitive Sciences. Social brain development and the affective consequences of ostracism in adolescence. Brain and Cognition. Forbes E. Why do anxious children become depressed teenagers?

The role of social evaluative threat and reward processing. Psychological Medicine. Irwin M. From stress to inflammation and major depressive disorder: A social signal transduction theory of depression. Moving policies upstream to mitigate the social determinants of early childbearing.

Public Health Nursing. Reducing the stigmatization of teen mothers. The teenage brain: Sensitivity to social evaluation. Current Directions in Psychological Science. Becoming teen fathers: Stories of teen pregnancy, responsibility, and masculinity. Farris J. Abingdon: Routledge; Teen pregnancy and parenting: Rethinking the myths and misperceptions.

Teenage pregnancy: On the road to social death. Take, for example, the relationship between mainstream media an institution and the anti-immigrant discourse that pervades U. The words that dominated a Republican presidential debate hosted by Fox News. Taken together, these words are part of a discourse that reflects a nationalist ideology borders, citizens that frames the U.

The power of discourse lies in its ability to provide legitimacy for certain kinds of knowledge while undermining others; and, in its ability to create subject positions, and, to turn people into objects that that can be controlled.

In this case, the dominant discourse on immigration that comes out of institutions like law enforcement and the legal system is given legitimacy and superiority by their roots in the state.

Mainstream media typically adopt the dominant state-sanctioned discourse and showcases it by giving airtime and print space to authority figures from those institutions. When we hear words like this, concepts charged full of meaning, we deduce things about the people involved--that they are lawless, crazed, dangerous, and violent. They are criminal objects in need of control. When "criminals" are "looting," shooting them on site is framed as justified. Because discourse has so much meaning and deeply powerful implications in society, it is often the site of conflict and struggle.

When people wish to make social change, how we talk about people and their place in society cannot be left out of the process. Share Flipboard Email. Nicki Lisa Cole, Ph.

Adolescent Research Review. Deconstructing Youth: Youth Discourses at the Limits of Sense , by Fleur Gabriel, provides a compelling analytical account of the confounding presence that youth have in modern Western culture. The book is geared towards adults seeking to better understand the youth mind. This includes examples from popular films that depict teen rebellion to a discourse of the columbine school shooting massacre that occurred in The book aims to add insight into the preexisting views of how contemporary youth is thought about in modern society.

More importantly the book offers guidance and presents itself as a go-to manual for adults seeking to come to terms with the most alarming of youth activities.

The strict binary between child and adult which mainstream society uses, according to Gabriel, is unsatisfactory. Instead, Gabriel evokes the idea that the concept of youth can stand alone as its own separate culture with its own connotations similar to how the terms adult and child are separated now. This campaign serves as a dual purpose to both scare and protect youth and elicits the idea that adolescents can be seen as a threat to society.

In this chapter, Gabriel starts to disentangle some of the ambiguity behind the term youth and proposes an idea that sets the stage for the rest of the book.

Gabriel opens the chapter with a brief summary of the main points, then offers two stories centered on disturbing youth behavior in Australia. The stories revolve around two groups of teenagers committing acts of crime and deviance that question how society views its youth.

The video footage displays the boys urinating on her, setting fire to her hair, and forcing her to perform oral sex. However, once this video went viral the original intent of the video whatever it may have been was lost.

Gabriel understands that normality in youth is a large understatement and uses this to his advantage while developing his working definition of youth. Gabriel introduces a myriad of prevalent researchers in the fields of psychology, developmental psychology, sociology, and philosophy to bring perspective and enlightenment on how youth are envisioned in a contemporary manner. In light of coming to terms with the highly debated subject of youth, Gabriel delivers three distinct but fluid conceptual paradigms that define youth.

Gabriel claims the developmental paradigm defines youth according to physiological growth and development in relationship to adult-level mental function and physical state.

This is opposed to the critical political economy paradigm that defines youth as a state of being or lived experience marked according to racial, gender and class distinctions under capitalism. The sub cultural paradigm defines youth as a cultural category according to relationships of class, style and consumption and in terms of constructions of taste and lifestyle preferences. The argument is that the construction of these paradigms keeps us constricted in the current trends on youth discourse.

Gabriel incorporates this idea because it parallels with many of the ways youth is thought about. Gabriel , p. Indeed, the most curious part of this chapter actually deals with the skills needed to become adult. These traditional viewpoints that dominate much of the first half of the chapter and give heed to the all prevailing adult, trigger a shift in thought.

The shift from adults relies on youth to act out and rebel on social order in order for the adult to define itself. The shift is from a pure binary standpoint relying on the broad categories of child and adult. And it is a shift in a thought where adolescence is not viewed as a threat to society but a smooth transitional period where attention and guidance are imperative. It further is a transition from the thought of being able to change the confines of the category of youth from the outside.

Lastly, it is a shift in thinking of youth as being an autopoietic system where change can only come from within the system. Gabriel melds cutting edge psychological research with state of the art brain imaging technology in an attempt to decipher and possibly catch a glimpse of the internal working components that drive the mysterious youth psyche. The beginning of the chapter focuses on brain imaging performed by MRI. Jay Giedd.

The end of the chapter leads to a discussion about genes and how environmental factors shape our development. It is no surprise, then, that developmental theory would make sense in light of youth being portrayed as a threat to society and being marked as debilitated members of society through the lens of adults.

Gabriel seeks to hold on to the traditional binary thought of youth but at the same time expose its insufficiency. This stage is regarded as a stage of innocence in need of preservation. Gabriel highlights that the current ideologies held about sexualization of youth are self-defeating. This notion of marking youth as a self-defeated process is the fundamental aspect of this chapter and signals that youth must be imagined differently. In short, youth must be contemporaneous.

The later portion of Chapter 5 develops around the more eerily notion that youth do in fact have the capability of conscientiously controlling their actions and desires.

Gabriel uses three movies that obtained national attention to distinguish this viewpoint, the films are titled Thirteen , Lolita and Towel head. In an effort to explain this behavior and move forward with the idea that these teen perplexities exist, Gabriel uses a metaphysical research of Jacques Derrida. Derrida claims that thinking in terms of binaries is insufficient to explain this behavior and proposes that we engage in a space of undecidability. Gabriel , pp.

It removes the constraints that binaries hold on the traditional ways of thinking about youth and opens up new outlooks. Gabriel opens the chapter by focusing on the phenomenon of school shootings and, in particular the Columbine massacre.

There is still no logical explanation for why the Columbine massacre occurred. It is better to treat the event itself as beyond our ability to interpret it, to know what it means. It would appear that modern adult culture has seemingly reached a dead end when an attempt is made to theorize or conclude issues dealing with deviant youth behavior. Gabriel is able to use the roots already grounded from past ideologies about youth discourse and shed new light on an ostensibly over used topic.

Gabriel does this by integrating a strong metaphysical approach into developmental psychology. The contribution is significant because Gabriel is able to shift us from a one dimensional, almost stagnant state of thought about youth to a multidimensional, transgressed thought that is full of hope and potential.

The book does a fantastic job of trying to make sense of a very complicated subject matter. It achieves this by presenting some of the most distraught cases of youthful behavior and systematically deconstructing them through the viewpoints of multiple scholars across all genre of academia in order to achieve a scientific means to an end.

And after pages of endless controversy, Gabriel leads us to a bittersweet ending in which he implies we will forever be stuck in the perils of youth inexplicability and undecidability.

It is, therefore, imperative to acquire a strong sense of resilience and reflexivity in future dealings with youth because Gabriel has shown that the contested concept of youth will never be resolved and that youth discourses will never be resolved by scientific facts.

Skip to main content Skip to sections. Advertisement Hide. Download PDF. Book Review First Online: 10 June Conflict of interest None. Gabriel, F. Deconstructing youth: Youth discourses at the limits of sense. CrossRef Google Scholar. Baker 1 Email author 1. Bloomington USA. Personalised recommendations. Cite article How to cite?

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Teen discourses

Teen discourses

Teen discourses