Viginal bleeding after intercourse-Vaginal bleeding after sex Causes - Mayo Clinic

If you buy something through a link on this page, we may earn a small commission. How this works. Many women experience vaginal bleeding after sex at one time or another. In fact, up to 63 percent of postmenopausal women experience vaginal dryness and vaginal bleeding or spotting during sex. Additionally, up to 9 percent of menstruating women experience postcoital bleeding.

Viginal bleeding after intercourse

Viginal bleeding after intercourse

Viginal bleeding after intercourse

Viginal bleeding after intercourse

Viginal bleeding after intercourse

Vintage shaving razors a lubricant containing water or silicone if this is a concern. MHT is the Viginal bleeding after intercourse effective treatment for hot flushes and night sweats. You can visit your primary care doctor or gynecologist for postcoital bleeding. Sexual health Is Anal Sex Safe? If you notice spotting during sex or between periods, take a pregnancy test as soon as you can. The best advice is to head straight to your GP to have an examination. In this case, light bleeding after sex should not be concerning. Occasional spotting after sex generally clears up on its own without medical blefding. Sensitive patches or polyps could also be to blame for bleeding during or after sex, as these can be agitated by having sex which may cause spotting. It may also help to take sex slowly, and to stop if you feel pain.

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Infectious Causes and Treatment of Cervicitis. Hormone imbalances such as Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome PCOS can Naked mother pictures with your normal menstrual cycle and cause abnormal vaginal bleeding [10]. Genital trauma and vaginal bleeding: is it a lapse of time issue? Endometrial polyps are growths or masses that occur in the lining of the inner wall of the bleexing and often grow large enough to extend into the uterine cavity. Work with your doctor or other health care professional for an accurate diagnosis. Polyps of this sort are prone to bleeding between periods, after menopause, and during sex. Being able Viginal bleeding after intercourse recognize patterns of vaginal bleeding that stray outside of your normal menstrual cycle is very important. The doctor can help manage hormone levels so that they remain at a normal level, not only Viginal bleeding after intercourse spotting but adding to a better quality of life for the patient. Other diagnostic procedures; female organs. Obstet Gyn Int. People who have experienced vaginal bleeding have also afyer.

Bleeding after sex can be caused by menopausal side effects or it can be the sign of a more serious condition that will require medical attention.

  • Vaginal bleeding is any bleeding through the vagina, including bleeding from the vaginal wall itself, as well as and more commonly bleeding from another location of the female reproductive system.
  • Vaginal bleeding after sex also known as postcoital bleeding is not an entirely uncommon situation among menstruating women, and it's even more common in postmenopausal women.
  • Causes shown here are commonly associated with this symptom.
  • Vaginal Bleeding Symptom Checker.
  • .

Postcoital bleeding refers to genital bleeding after intercourse. The medical community typically uses this term to describe bleeding from the vagina, a fairly common occurrence caused by a wide range of factors. An estimated 0. The friction and abrasion of intercourse can easily cause small tears and cuts in sensitive genital tissues. Childbirth can also cause vaginal tissues to stretch and tear, sometimes making them more vulnerable to injury. On the first occurrence of sexual intercourse, a small flap of vaginal skin called the hymen is often stretched and broken.

The minor bleeding this causes can last 1 to 2 days. Dryness is among the most common causes of postcoital bleeding. When the skin is dry it becomes extremely vulnerable to damage. Mucus-producing tissues, such as those in the vagina, are especially vulnerable. Any type of infection can cause inflammation of vaginal tissues, making them more vulnerable to damage. These commonly include yeast infections, pelvic inflammatory disease , cervicitis, vaginitis , and sexually transmitted infections , such as chlamydia and gonorrhea.

Polyps and fibroids are tiny noncancerous growths. They commonly grow on the lining of the cervix or uterus, especially in menstruating people, and can cause pain and bleeding. Glandular cells from the inside of the cervical canal can abnormally grow on the outside of the cervix.

This condition usually clears up without treatment, but it can cause spotting and vaginal bleeding. Endometriosis causes endometrial tissues, the tissues that line the uterus, to grow outside of the uterus. This can cause inflammation, usually in the pelvic region and lower abdomen. Cervical dysplasia occurs when abnormal, precancerous cells grow in the lining of the cervical canal, which is the opening separating the vagina and uterus.

These growths can irritate and eventually damage surrounding tissues, especially during intercourse. Some people have differently shaped reproductive organs, which may increase the likelihood of painful friction and tearing.

Diseases that cause abnormal bleeding or clotting can increase the risk of postcoital bleeding. Blood-thinning medications may also have this effect. Cancers that impact the reproductive system or urogenital tract can alter vaginal tissues and hormone levels, making them more vulnerable to damage. Postcoital bleeding is considered a common symptom of both cervical and uterine cancers. There are no national or international guidelines doctors use to diagnose or manage postcoital bleeding.

Many medical professionals will ask questions about individual and family medical histories and perform a full physical exam. If a doctor can not determine the cause of problematic bleeding, they may refer a woman to a gynecologist.

Talk with a doctor any time postcoital bleeding is severe, frequent, or continues for more than a few hours after intercourse. Also speak with a doctor if postcoital bleeding is accompanied by additional symptoms, including:. In many cases, there is no single clear cause of postcoital bleeding, so there is no direct course of treatment.

Pregnancy, childbirth, and breast-feeding all cause major hormonal changes, most of which can make vaginal tissues more prone to damage. During pregnancy, minor bleeding during or after intercourse is common. Talk with a doctor about any form of heavy or prolonged bleeding during early pregnancy.

Seek immediate medical care for bleeding during the late pregnancy, as it can be a sign of preterm labor. Minor postcoital bleeding can often not be prevented. However, the following actions tend to greatly reduce the severity and frequency of bleeding. In addition, a person can use herbal supplements that have been scientifically shown to help reduce vaginal dryness and GSM symptoms.

Some of these supplements are available for purchase online, including black cohosh , vitamin E , omega-3 , and oil of primrose. Bleeding after sexual intercourse is a common occurrence, especially in people who are no longer menstruating or who have ovarian conditions.

In people who are menstruating, postcoital bleeding normally stops on its own. However, severe, chronic, or complicated cases require medical attention.

People who experience postcoital bleeding during periods of hormonal changes, such as menopause , pregnancy, or breast-feeding, should also talk with a doctor. Vaginitis is an inflammation of the vagina that is typically caused by a fungal or bacterial infection. Symptoms include discharge, itching, burning…. After the menopause, reduced estrogen levels can cause atrophic vaginitis, a condition where the vaginal walls become thin, dry, and inflamed.

Vaginal cancer is rare. It forms in the vaginal tissues. Find out about the risk factors, symptoms, and treatments, as well as what to expect….

Pelvic inflammatory disease is an infection of the female reproductive organs. It can lead to scarring of tissues and organs, and infertility.

Endometriosis is a painful condition in which endometrial tissue grows outside the uterus, often in the pelvic area.

Scar tissue and adhesions form as…. Is it normal to bleed after intercourse? Causes Risk factors Diagnosis When to see a doctor Treatment Pregnancy Prevention Takeaway Postcoital bleeding refers to genital bleeding after intercourse. The source of this bleeding tends to be more varied in women who are no longer menstruating. Fast facts on bleeding after sex: The source of the bleeding is different, depending on whether a woman is menstruating.

If vaginal bleeding after sex is related to menstruation, it is not considered postcoital bleeding. Anyone who engages in sexual intercourse can experience postcoital bleeding. What are the causes? Risk factors. When to see a doctor. Treatment options. Bleeding after sex during pregnancy. We picked linked items based on the quality of products, and list the pros and cons of each to help you determine which will work best for you.

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Preventing herpes infections: Study offers new insights. How we learn things shapes our memory. What does the color of period blood mean? What are the types of vagina? What causes pelvic pain in women? Related Coverage. Causes, symptoms, and treatment of vaginitis Vaginitis is an inflammation of the vagina that is typically caused by a fungal or bacterial infection.

What's to know about atrophic vaginitis? What to know about vaginal cancer Vaginal cancer is rare. What is pelvic inflammatory disease?

What to know about endometriosis Endometriosis is a painful condition in which endometrial tissue grows outside the uterus, often in the pelvic area.

While postcoital bleeding is often associated with infections and abnormalities of the uterus, vagina, or cervix, bleeding can also result from a direct trauma to these vulnerable tissues. Those at higher risk include black women and women who started their periods at a young age. Fill out our online form. However, in some cases, you may experience bleeding betw Source: Wikipedia. Endometrial hyperplasia: This is a precancerous condition that can cause abnormal vaginal bleeding. Cervical ectropion can occur in adolescents, women taking birth control pills, and pregnant women whose cervixes are softer than normal.

Viginal bleeding after intercourse

Viginal bleeding after intercourse

Viginal bleeding after intercourse

Viginal bleeding after intercourse. Free E-newsletter

Symptoms that always occur with pelvic inflammatory disease: fever, abdominal pain or unusual vaginal discharge. Urgency: In-person visit. Endometrial polyps are growths or masses that occur in the lining of the inner wall of the uterus and often grow large enough to extend into the uterine cavity. They attach to the uterine wall by a large base these are called sessile polyps or a thin stalk these are called peduncul Vaginal bleeding can be discomforting and distressing even during a normal menstrual cycle.

Seeking prompt medical attention when you notice symptoms of abnormal bleeding will accelerate your diagnosis and allow you to get the appropriate treatment. Your treatment will depend on the cause of your symptoms and the results of any testing. Depending on the cause, different medications can help address vaginal bleeding.

When medications fail some causes of vaginal bleeding can be treated with surgical options that either remove masses or decrease the lining of the uterus [13,14]. Most cancers of the reproductive organs are removed by surgery. If your bleeding is caused by pregnancy-related factors your doctor will discuss available options for care [15]. Seek immediate medical attention if:. Here are some frequently asked questions about vaginal bleeding.

No, stress cannot cause vaginal bleeding. Stress can, however, cause an earlier or later menstrual cycle and cause bleeding in-line with a new cycle. If you have new mid-cycle bleeding and have not consulted a clinician, you should seek medical evaluation.

It may be a sign of anything from a sexually transmitted infection STI , to fibroids, to a pregnancy, or it may have no definable cause [18,19,21]. Bleeding between periods can be caused by serious or benign causes. The most dangerous causes often involve pregnancy. A failed pregnancy, a pregnancy in which the egg implants in the fallopian tube, disconnection of the placenta from the uterus, or damage to the uterus can all cause bleeding.

If you suspect any of these causes, you should seek medical evaluation as soon and as safely as possible. Otherwise, uterine fibroids, tumor, blood thinners, ruptured ovarian cysts and gynecological infections, and changes in contraceptive drugs can cause spotting [3,9]. No, vaginal bleeding is not an early sign of normal pregnancy [11,15].

Vaginal bleeding can be caused by many things other than pregnancy, including sexually transmitted infections, uterine growths called fibroids, and certain types of cancers [18,19,21]. Continuous bleeding after a period can be caused by a many things [15]. Most commonly, an abnormally long period may have no discernible cause [9,11]. If it does not recur, it may require no further investigation.

Continuous spotting may be a sign of a disorder in coagulation caused by either medication or a genetic disorder. It may also be a sign of infection of the vagina or cervix. Vaginal bleeding after menopause may be due to medications, hyperplasia of the uterus, or some types of uterine cancer. Certain medications containing estrogen or progesterone can cause either hyperplasia or an increase in the amount of tissue in the uterus, which may cause bleeding or an excess sloughing off of tissue both of which will be seen as vaginal bleeding.

To diagnose this condition, your doctor would likely ask the following questions:. Please take a quiz to find out what might be causing your vaginal bleeding. These questions are also covered.

People who have experienced vaginal bleeding have also experienced:. People who have experienced vaginal bleeding were most often matched with:. People who have experienced vaginal bleeding had symptoms persist for:. Source: Aggregated and anonymized results from Buoy Assistant a. While there is an array of color and consistency to vaginal discharge, it it's quite common and normal to have bloody vaginal dis Abdominal cramps can be caused from an array of issues originating from either dietary factors, gastrointestinal conditions like Was this article helpful?

Employers Take quiz. Take quiz. Vaginal Bleeding Symptom Checker Take a quiz to find out what might be causing your vaginal bleeding.

Vaginal Bleeding Causes The causes of vaginal bleeding are numerous [4], and the list can seem daunting. Pregnancy-related factors Consider possible pregnancy if you experience abnormal vaginal bleeding symptoms. Infections Vaginal bleeding can be a sign of infection, such as the following. Bacterial infections: Infections such as chlamydia and gonorrhea can infect the reproductive tract and cause irritation and inflammation, especially after sexual intercourse, that can result in abnormal vaginal bleeding and other STD symptoms in women [4].

Fungal infections: Fungal infections such as yeast also often affect the vaginal canal and result in inflammation that results in bleeding. Benign uterine conditions Although benign, these conditions can result in bleeding. Obstruction: Sometimes abnormal vaginal bleeding can be caused by masses in the reproductive organs such as fibroids that are not cancerous.

Hormonal imbalances: Conditions of the uterus that occur as a result of hormonal imbalances such endometriosis and adenomyosis can result in heavy periods that are not your usual pattern [7,8]. Medications and medical devices Certain contraceptive methods or medications can result in vaginal bleeding.

Contraceptives methods: Birth control pills can cause vaginal bleeding symptoms if they are not used properly [9]. Abnormal vaginal bleeding is also a known side effect of Intrauterine devices IUDs. Medications: Medications such as blood thinners can cause you to bleed more during your menstrual cycle. Blood disorders Blood or clotting disorders can result in vaginal bleeding. Functional: Medical conditions such as von Willebrand disease clotting disorder that affect the way different components of your blood function can result in vaginal bleeding [4].

Synthetic: Your liver and to lesser extent your kidney are organs that are very important in making the components of your blood that regulate bleeding. If there is a malfunction in these organs such as liver disease or kidney disease, you may experience abnormal vaginal bleeding as well.

Cancers Cancers or precancerous conditions can result in vaginal bleeding. Cancer of the reproductive tract: Vaginal bleeding in women who have started menopause may be caused by cancers of any part the reproductive tract such as the ovary, vagina and uterus. Endometrial hyperplasia: This is a precancerous condition that can cause abnormal vaginal bleeding. Endocrine system factors Hormone imbalances such as Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome PCOS can interfere with your normal menstrual cycle and cause abnormal vaginal bleeding [10].

Trauma Trauma to the vagina can result in vagina bleeding, such as the following. A retained tampon: It would take multiple days for this to be considered traumatic and lead to vaginal bleeding. Normal case of spotting. Vaginal Bleeding Treatments and Relief Vaginal bleeding can be discomforting and distressing even during a normal menstrual cycle. Medication Depending on the cause, different medications can help address vaginal bleeding. Hormones: Many uterine conditions and endocrine system causes of abnormal bleeding are the result of an imbalance of hormones in the body [11].

Your doctor may prescribe treatment in the form of these hormones in order to restore your body's balance [12]. Antibiotics: Your doctor may prescribe antibiotics for certain infections of the reproductive tract that may cause your vaginal bleeding symptoms.

Changes to your current regimen: If contraceptive methods or other medications are contributing to your symptoms, your doctor may discuss stopping your current medications in favor of a new regimen [9]. Other treatment: If your vaginal bleeding symptoms are caused by an underlying bleeding disorder or systemic disease, your doctor will treat the primary disease first and monitor its effects on your vaginal bleeding. Surgery When medications fail some causes of vaginal bleeding can be treated with surgical options that either remove masses or decrease the lining of the uterus [13,14].

Pregnancy care If your bleeding is caused by pregnancy-related factors your doctor will discuss available options for care [15].

When it is an emergency Seek immediate medical attention if: You have sudden, severe pain in your belly or pelvis area Excessive bleeding: You are soaking through your usual pads or tampons every hour for 2 or more hours.

You feel dizzy or lightheaded: Or you feel like you may faint. Can stress cause vaginal bleeding? Why am I bleeding between my periods? Is vaginal bleeding an early sign of pregnancy? Why am I still spotting after my period ends? Why am I experiencing vaginal bleeding after menopause?

Do you use birth control beside condoms? Do you bleed after having sex? Have you ever had any surgeries? If you've answered yes to one or more of these questions Please take a quiz to find out what might be causing your vaginal bleeding. What Causes Bloody Vaginal Discharge? Your Symptoms Explained While there is an array of color and consistency to vaginal discharge, it it's quite common and normal to have bloody vaginal dis When is Vaginal Discharge Normal References Vaginal Bleeding.

National Library of Medicine: MedlinePlus. Updated July 30, Your Menstrual Cycle. Office on Women's Health. Updated March 16, Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding. University of Michigan: Michigan Medicine. Updated November 20, Vaginal Bleeding. Merck Manual Professional Version. Updated September Updated August 23, MedlinePlus Link Burd I. Vaginal Bleeding in Early Pregnancy. Updated November 11, MedlinePlus Link Endometriosis. Updated March 13, MedlinePlus Link Adenomyosis. Postmenopausal women will often bleed during or after sex because diminishing estrogen levels cause the vaginal walls to literally thin and produce less lubricating mucus.

This is referred to as atrophic vaginitis , a condition that is also associated with vaginal itching and burning. Atrophic vaginitis can also be treated with estrogen therapy, either taken orally in pill form, as a dermal patch or cream or inserted intravaginally with a suppository.

Vaginal lubricants can also ease dryness and decrease pain. While younger women can also have vaginitis, typically caused by a bacterial or yeast infection, postcoital bleeding is a far less common symptom. Endometriosis occurs when the lining of the uterus the endometrium extends outside of the uterus. When this happens, the endometrial tissue can attach itself to the surfaces of other organs, often resulting in excruciating pain and, in some cases, infertility. Two of the characteristic features of endometriosis are painful intercourse and painful orgasm, both of which are caused by the added strain and pressure placed on already-vulnerable tissues.

Postcoital bleeding is not uncommon when this occurs. Hormone therapy used to reduce estrogen levels is often effective at reducing pain. Pain and bleeding may also be reduced by changing the positions you commonly use during sex. Some, like the missionary position, place added stress on the vagina that may be relieved by a side-to-side position or other positions. While postcoital bleeding is often associated with infections and abnormalities of the uterus, vagina, or cervix, bleeding can also result from a direct trauma to these vulnerable tissues.

It may be caused by vigorous sex, which can lead to cuts, scrapes, or tears on the vagina. This is more likely to occur if there is vaginal dryness, such as can occur during menopause, when a woman is breastfeeding, or if there is excessive douching.

More distressingly, bleeding can occur as a result of sexual abuse or violence. While cancer is a less likely cause of postcoital bleeding, it is one of the possible signs of cervical , vaginal , and uterine cancer. Every year, around 14, women are diagnosed with invasive cervical cancer in the United States, leading to more than 4, deaths.

Tumors can vary depending on the type of cancer involved, but they tend to be fed by a dense, haphazard network of blood vessels. As the tumor grows, these vessels can become strained and prone to bursting. Sexual intercourse can sometimes cause this. To evaluate a woman for cervical cancer, a gynecologist will perform a pelvic exam, a Pap smear, and occasionally a visual exam called a colposcopy. If a doctor is suspicious of cancer, a tissue sample may be taken by biopsy to be examined under a microscope.

Bleeding during or after should never be considered normal. Even if it occurs as a result of an accidental trauma, it is best to have it looked at if only to find ways to avoid such injuries in the future.

Cancer is, in fact, one of the less likely causes. If cancer does turn out to be the reason you are bleeding, an early diagnosis affords early treatment and a greater chance curing the malignancy before it becomes serious. Sign up for our Health Tip of the Day newsletter, and receive daily tips that will help you live your healthiest life. Tarney CM, Han J. Postcoital bleeding: a review on etiology, diagnosis, and management.

Obstet Gynecol Int. The rate of sexually transmitted infections in ED patients with vaginal bleeding. Am J Emerg Med. Abnormal cervical appearance: what to do, when to worry? Mayo Clin Proc. J Menopausal Med. Genital trauma and vaginal bleeding: is it a lapse of time issue? A case report of a prepubertal girl and review of the literature. Int J Legal Med. Jyotsna V. Postmenopausal hormonal therapy: Current status.

Ind J Endocrinol Metab. Tarney C, Han J. Obstet Gyn Int. More in Sexual Health.

Bleeding during sex: common reasons for spotting

Vaginal bleeding after sex is common. Although it's often called "vaginal" bleeding, most benign bleeding in younger women comes from the cervix. However other parts of your genital and urinary systems can be involved. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products.

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Sign up now. Definition By Mayo Clinic Staff. Show references Shapley M. Postcoital bleeding in women. Accessed Aug. Kaunitz AM. Differential diagnosis of genital tract bleeding in women. Frequently asked questions. Gynecological problems FAQ Abnormal uterine bleeding.

Tarney CM, et al. Postcoital bleeding: A review on etiology, diagnosis, and management. Obstetrics and Gynecology International.

See also Genital warts Vaginal atrophy Vaginal dryness after menopause: How to treat it? Mayo Clinic Marketplace Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic. Reprint Permissions A single copy of these materials may be reprinted for noncommercial personal use only.

Viginal bleeding after intercourse