A chronic disease in which carbohydrates cannot be metabolized properly see metabolism because the pancreas fails to secrete an adequate amount of insulin. Without enough insulin, carbohydrate metabolism is upset, and levels of sugar in the blood rise. Also called type 1 diabetes, insulin-dependent diabetes , juvenile diabetes. Also called type 2 diabetes, non-insulin-dependent diabetes , adult-onset diabetes, maturity-onset diabetes. The word ban gets bandied about a lot these days, from vegan brides wanting to ban meat-eaters from their weddings to plastic straws getting banned from coffee drinks.
Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae. Learn More about diabetes mellitus. Archived from Wow draenei porn original on 25 April Risks to the baby include macrosomia high birth weightcongenital heart and central nervous system abnormalities, and skeletal muscle Diabetes mellitus latin definintion. Archived from the original on 26 April Also called type 1 diabetes, insulin-dependent diabetesjuvenile diabetes. Principles of diabetes mellitus 2nd ed. Universal blue circle symbol for diabetes.
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Archived definntion the original on 31 March There is growing evidence that the underlying determinants of diabetes are a reflection of the major forces driving social, economic and Asian art imports change: globalizationurbanization, population aging, and the general health policy environment. Main articles: Diabetes in dogs and Diabetes in cats. Retrieved 9 April Defiintion 1 diabetes can occur at any age, and a significant Diabetes mellitus latin definintion is diagnosed during adulthood. The major long-term complications relate to damage to blood vessels. The body obtains glucose Diabeets three main sources: the intestinal absorption of food; the breakdown of glycogen glycogenolysisthe storage form of glucose found in the liver; and gluconeogenesis refinintion, the generation of glucose from non-carbohydrate substrates in the body. Despite their former classifications as juvenile or adult, either type of diabetes can occur at any age. There is an association between overweight and an increased risk of feline diabetes. In general, 2 to 5 percent of children whose mother or father has type 1 diabetes will also develop type 1 diabetes. Diabetes mellitus latin definintion other circumstances, general practitioners and specialists share care in a team approach. Main article: History of diabetes.
Diabetes has been known since the first century B.
- Related to diabetes mellitus: diabetes insipidus , Diabetes mellitus type 1 , Diabetes mellitus type 2.
- A chronic disease in which carbohydrates cannot be metabolized properly see metabolism because the pancreas fails to secrete an adequate amount of insulin.
- Diabetes mellitus , disorder of carbohydrate metabolism characterized by impaired ability of the body to produce or respond to insulin and thereby maintain proper levels of sugar glucose in the blood.
- See more words from the same year.
- Diabetes mellitus DM , commonly known as diabetes , is a group of metabolic disorders characterized by high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period.
A chronic disease in which carbohydrates cannot be metabolized properly see metabolism because the pancreas fails to secrete an adequate amount of insulin. Without enough insulin, carbohydrate metabolism is upset, and levels of sugar in the blood rise. Also called type 1 diabetes, insulin-dependent diabetes , juvenile diabetes. Also called type 2 diabetes, non-insulin-dependent diabetes , adult-onset diabetes, maturity-onset diabetes.
The word ban gets bandied about a lot these days, from vegan brides wanting to ban meat-eaters from their weddings to plastic straws getting banned from coffee drinks. But where did it come from and what does it mean now? Nearby words dia- , dia. Word Origin for diabetes mellitus C New Latin, literally: honey-sweet diabetes. Word Origin for diabetes C from Latin: siphon, from Greek, literally: a passing through referring to the excessive urination , from diabainein to pass through, cross over; see diabase.
A severe, chronic form of diabetes caused by insufficient production of insulin and resulting in abnormal metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. The disease typically appears in childhood or adolescence and is characterized by increased sugar levels in the blood and urine, excessive thirst, frequent urination, acidosis, and wasting.
A mild form of diabetes that typically appears first in adulthood and is exacerbated by obesity and an inactive lifestyle. This disease often has no symptoms, is usually diagnosed by tests that indicate glucose intolerance, and is treated with changes in diet and an exercise regimen. Any of several metabolic disorders marked by excessive discharge of urine and persistent thirst, especially one of the two types of diabetes mellitus.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. A metabolic disease characterized by abnormally high levels of glucose in the blood, caused by an inherited inability to produce insulin Type 1 or an acquired resistance to insulin Type 2.
Type 1 diabetes, which typically appears in childhood or adolescence, is marked by excessive thirst, frequent urination, and weight loss and requires treatment with insulin injections.
Type 2 diabetes appears during adulthood, usually in overweight or elderly individuals, and is treated with oral medication or insulin. People with either type of diabetes benefit from dietary restriction of sugars and other carbohydrates.
Uncontrolled blood glucose levels increase the risk for long-term medical complications including peripheral nerve disease, retinal damage, kidney disease, and progressive atherosclerosis caused by damage to endothelial cells in blood vessels, leading to coronary artery disease and peripheral vascular disease.
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Diabetes UK. Info Print Print. Thin or normal . Glycated hemoglobin is better than fasting glucose for determining risks of cardiovascular disease and death from any cause. Through a descriptive cross sectional study design, a total of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus , admitted through casualty, OPD or private clinics were selected and tested for Hepatitis C virus infection. Lost blood volume is replaced osmotically from water in body cells and other body compartments, causing dehydration and increased thirst polydipsia.
Diabetes mellitus latin definintion. Causes and types
Most patients with type 2 diabetes are adults, often older adults, but it can also occur in children and adolescents. There is a stronger genetic component to type 2 diabetes than to type 1 diabetes. For example, identical twins are much more likely to both develop type 2 diabetes than to both develop type 1 diabetes, and 7 to 14 percent of people whose mother or father has type 2 diabetes will also develop type 2 diabetes; this estimate increases to 45 percent if both parents are affected.
In addition, it is estimated that about half of the adult Pima Indian population in Arizona has type 2 diabetes, whereas in the entire United States it is estimated that about 10 percent of the population has type 2 diabetes. Many patients with type 2 diabetes are asymptomatic, and they are often diagnosed with type 2 diabetes when routine measurements reveal high blood glucose concentrations.
In some patients the presence of one or more symptoms associated with the long-term complications of diabetes leads to a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes. Other patients present with symptoms of hyperglycemia that have been present for months or with the sudden onset of symptoms of very severe hyperglycemia and vascular collapse. Type 2 diabetes is strongly associated with obesity and is a result of insulin resistance and insulin deficiency.
Insulin resistance is a very common characteristic of type 2 diabetes in patients who are obese, and thus patients often have serum insulin concentrations that are higher than normal. However, some obese persons are unable to produce sufficient amounts of insulin, and thus the compensatory increase in response to increased blood glucose concentrations is inadequate, resulting in hyperglycemia. If blood glucose concentration is increased to a similar level in a healthy person and in an obese person, the healthy person will secrete more insulin than the obese person.
People with type 2 diabetes can control blood glucose levels through diet and exercise and, if necessary, by taking insulin injections or oral medications. Despite their former classifications as juvenile or adult, either type of diabetes can occur at any age. Diabetes mellitus. Article Media. Info Print Print. Table Of Contents. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback.
Introduction Causes and types Type 1 diabetes mellitus Type 2 diabetes mellitus Gestational diabetes Acute clinical manifestation Diagnosis and treatment Treatment Diet and exercise Insulin therapies Drugs used to control blood glucose levels Glucometer monitoring Long-term complications of diabetes mellitus Prevention.
Start your free trial today for unlimited access to Britannica. Load Next Page. More About. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Improvements in hemoglobin A1c HbA1c and fasting blood glucose FBG in the maintenance phase were more pronounced among patients with comorbid diabetes mellitus , while anti-diabetic medications were more often decreased than increased.
At many stages both diabetes mellitus and tuberculosis complicate each other. Not only on early diagnosis should further researches be conducted in Pakistan on pre-determination of diabetes mellitus type 2. Comments on Nabeea Junaid et al JPMA ; - Early diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus and its risk factor a worth full issue. Through a descriptive cross sectional study design, a total of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus , admitted through casualty, OPD or private clinics were selected and tested for Hepatitis C virus infection.
Similar to the present research, there are other electrophysiological studies that indicate cortical dysfunction in individuals with diabetes mellitus. Andreadou et al. Mathers and Loncar stated that the digit of individuals with diabetes mellitus has increased to million in from million in Effectiveness of teaching program regarding foot care management on the knowledge and practice of clients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in selected community of Dehradun. Box Criteria for the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus Glucose tolerance test in patients with lichen planus.
diabetes - Wiktionary
This refers to the excessive amounts of urine produced by sufferers. This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term. Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary. English Wikipedia has an article on: diabetes. A group of metabolic diseases. The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions.
See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout Translations. Finnish Wikipedia has an article on: diabetes. Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on: diabetes. Hidden categories: Requests for review of German translations Requests for review of Icelandic translations Requests for expansion of etymologies in Dutch entries.