Greek army uniforms-Hellenic (Greek) Army Uniforms, WW2 on Behance

The modern Greek Army has a history of over years, during which has undergone dramatic changes and been involved in some of the major conflicts on the European continent; the modern Greek military throughout its history was closely following international developments in equipment and uniforms. With the notable exception of the elite Evzones units, which based their uniforms on the indigenous traditional garments of the 18th century, the rest of the Army, as most militaries worldwide, was always quick to adopt the military fashion current among the armies of the influential Great Powers ; this influence can be roughly divided in three periods: French-style uniforms, which dominated throughout the 19th century with many Bavarian elements during the reign of King Otto , and some Austrian and Russian influences later on , the British styles introduced around World War I and used during World War II and until the late s, and the " NATO " or US-style predominating from ca. Various individual items or details can of course be traced to other influences, and there were also transitional uniforms combining previous designs. The army that fought the Greek Revolution was composed primarily of irregulars, who followed their own military leaders or "captains", and had no uniform code of dress; the first uniformed Greek unit however was the short-lived Sacred Band formed by Alexander Ypsilantis in the Danubian Principalities. Its uniform was black, inspired by Russian models and the uniforms of Brunswick , including the death's head emblem on the men's visorless shakos.

Greek army uniforms

Greek army uniforms

Greek army uniforms

Greek army uniforms

The policies of French President Nicolas Sarkozy resulted in a major reform of France's military position, culminating with the return to full membership on 4 Aprilwhich included France rejoining the NATO Military Command Structurewhile maintaining an independent nuclear deterrent. Athens, Greece - May 16 Traditional presidential guard, aka Evzone, in front of the parliament house in Athens, Greece capital city. Subjects such as individual training and small infantry echelon exercises are held in co-operation with Corps of the Hellenic Army and other branches of the Armed Forces. Greek army uniforms modern use however is limited to those officers serving in the Army Academy. Army Unoforms Military Geographical Service. In the workplace they are used in scientific processes such as filtering. The pattern for other ranks in khaki wool remained virtually unchanged and was the uniform zrmy en masse to the troops Greek army uniforms were deployed in the Greco-Italian Greek army uniforms of and the brief Battle of Greece. Cashmere, the hair of the Indian cashmere goat, mohairthe hair of the North African angora goatare types of wool known for their softness. King Otho's entrance into Nauplia was the subject of a large and crowded canvas now in the Pinakothek, which Hess executed in person. It was founded in in Nafplion by Ioannis Kapodistriasthe first Governor of the modern Greek State; the institution was created to provide officers for all the Arms of the Hellenic Army, as well as some of the Corps.

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The pipings were replaced Swingers day club a pair arjy branch-colour collar tabs with metal buttons and the Russian boards were replaced by smaller straps. Unifotms modern use however is limited to those officers serving in the Army Academy. The main ammunition carrier was the Mannlicher twin-pouch and the Mauser triple-pouch, according to the rifle issued to the unit. Shoes were made of natural colored leather Grsek a black woolen pompom on the front. Throughout this website you will find lots of photos of actual troops and re-enactors, showing typical Motorcycle nip Uniform variants. The aftermath of World War I. Nikos Panos Showcase 1 Greek army uniforms Panos. By using Greek army uniforms site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Greek males between the age of 18 and 60 who live in strategically sensitive areas may also be required to serve part-time in the National Guard. The Evzone battalions were also formed at the time, and acquired a uniform very similar to the one still used unicorms as Greek army uniforms ceremonial dress of the Presidential Guard. During this period, all officers took their sabres on campaign. Divisa di Antonio Fratti.

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  • Greek Evzones in May
  • The modern Greek Army has a history of over years, during which has undergone dramatic changes and been involved in some of the major conflicts on the European continent.
  • The modern Greek Army has a history of over years, during which has undergone dramatic changes and been involved in some of the major conflicts on the European continent.

The modern Greek Army has a history of over years, during which has undergone dramatic changes and been involved in some of the major conflicts on the European continent; the modern Greek military throughout its history was closely following international developments in equipment and uniforms. With the notable exception of the elite Evzones units, which based their uniforms on the indigenous traditional garments of the 18th century, the rest of the Army, as most militaries worldwide, was always quick to adopt the military fashion current among the armies of the influential Great Powers ; this influence can be roughly divided in three periods: French-style uniforms, which dominated throughout the 19th century with many Bavarian elements during the reign of King Otto , and some Austrian and Russian influences later on , the British styles introduced around World War I and used during World War II and until the late s, and the " NATO " or US-style predominating from ca.

Various individual items or details can of course be traced to other influences, and there were also transitional uniforms combining previous designs. The army that fought the Greek Revolution was composed primarily of irregulars, who followed their own military leaders or "captains", and had no uniform code of dress; the first uniformed Greek unit however was the short-lived Sacred Band formed by Alexander Ypsilantis in the Danubian Principalities.

Its uniform was black, inspired by Russian models and the uniforms of Brunswick , including the death's head emblem on the men's visorless shakos. In Greece itself, uniforms of West European cut and black colour arrived in , and were meant to be used by the newly established "Regular Corps"; the Greeks however largely preferred their native garb, and only in , when French Colonel Charles Fabvier assumed command of the regular forces, did a uniform, imported from Britain, begin to be used.

It consisted of a blue coat, grey trousers identical to those of the British Army , white leather equipment and a black leather, classically looking helmet. In , Governor Ioannis Kapodistrias supplied the reorganised army with French-style uniforms, and issued a standardised version of the traditional dress for the irregular forces, his reforms however faltered after his assassination, and by , for all intents and purposes, the regular Greek Army was non-existent.

When the Bavarian prince Otto arrived in Greece, he was accompanied by a Bavarian Expeditionary Corps; the Greek Army was reorganised, and new, Bavarian-style uniforms, were issued, which in turn were greatly influenced by French and Russian models.

The basic Line Infantry uniform was light blue, with white breeches during summer, with bright red collar, piping and cuff facings.

Staff officers, Artillery and Engineer Corps soldiers wore a dark blue uniform, with red and black as the branch of service color for the Artillery and the Engineers respectively. A shako was worn as headdress, featuring the blue-white national cockade and King Otto's royal cypher, a crowned "O"; the cavalry alone adopted a uniform based on that of the Polish lancers , in green with cherry red as its branch of service color.

The "Phalanx", a special corps formed of pensioned officers of the Revolution, and the Mountain Guard battalions, wore standardised versions of the traditional garb, the former quite elaborate and embellished with gold embroidery, the latter plainer. A new uniform style was adopted in , effectively copying the new French uniform styles, and was retained until after the ousting of Otto in Nikolaos Petimezas in General's uniform Dimitrios Plapoutas in the uniform of the Royal Phalanx.

The cavalry again retained a separate uniform style, with dark green Hussar -style tunics and breeches, cherry red branch colour and silver braid. Other ranks wore a simplified version of the same uniform both as dress and field uniforms. For infantry, artillery and engineers this was characterized by short tunics with piping in the branch colour, white kepi covers in summer field dress and dark blue greatcoats in colder weather; the leather equipment was black and of French design, to complement the standard-issue fusil Gras rifle.

The officers' dress uniform was retained through subsequent changes in uniform styles, and continues in use today as the No. Its modern use however is limited to those officers serving in the Army Academy. The officers' field uniform followed Austro-Hungarian models, with the tunic being dark blue woolen in winter and white cotton during the summer, featuring fly-hidden buttons and scalloped pocket flaps.

There were no epaulettes; rank was exhibited on the collar with tabs and bullion stars. Breeches were worn with high leather boots. French-style leather equipment and a sabre were carried in battle. The Evzone battalions were also formed at the time, and acquired a uniform very similar to the one still used today as the ceremonial dress of the Presidential Guard. Pavlos Melas in the uniform of a lieutenant of artillery.

Following the humiliating defeat of by the Ottomans, the urgent need for modernisation was felt by both the Government and the Staff of the Greek Army; the idea of khaki uniforms was introduced, just few years after the British had introduced their service dress , making Greece one of the first group of countries to adopt a modern look for its military.

The use of off-white and drab uniforms was already common for summer use by officers, who traditionally had the option of choosing privately tailored items, it was soon expanded with the universal introduction of the khaki model for other ranks. This uniform included a near-copy of the British four-pocket tunic of the time, in olive green wool cloth or serge , with the addition of pipings and removable shoulder boards in branch-of-service colour cloth Red: Infantry and Staff ; Bright red-purple: Cavalry ; Dark red-burgundy: Artillery ; Light Blue: Engineers ; Dark Blue: Gendarmerie.

Brass-metal buttons were used for the majority of uniforms; the pants were straight with side pipings, designed to cover the ankle lace-boots, but in campaign the majority of soldiers found these cumbersome and used cloth puttees or stuffed them in their boots to hold them tight.

A khaki single-breasted greatcoat was issued for winter; the black equipment was also replaced by a natural-brown leather set. The first type of headgear was a German-style peaked cap, but this was soon replaced by the older French-style kepi but now in khaki wool and leather chinstrap, adorned with branch-pipings and an embroidered Greek royal cockade. In periods of mobilization older stocks continued being used for auxiliary units, mainly older caps and items of black leather.

Minor variations of the uniform and equipment were issued to specialist units, e. Similar developments followed with the officers' uniforms. After a period of unstandardised changes, these settled on the model , their smart tunic was made in a higher quality olive-green wool, incorporating the internal scalloped pockets and standing collar of the Austrian army, but with branch pipings and Russian-style rank boards. The headgear was a khaki kepi with leather peak, gold-metal pipings silver for Cavalry and Engineers and a bullion -cockade, and the pants were piped riding breeches, usually worn with high boots or ankle boots and puttees; the equipment was brown leather, with a French-style pistol holster and a binocular case.

During this period, all officers took their sabres on campaign. Between and the blue and green coloured uniforms were phased out and replaced by khaki for other ranks. Officers, Evzones on duty in Athens and cadets at the Military Academy retained ceremonial uniforms which remained more or less the same as those in use at the start of the 20th century; in navy-blue or dark green for cavalry with gold or silver officer's braiding.

Full dress uniforms were topped with the historical kepi in elaborate designs; this survived as the "great uniform", virtually unchanged until the s. Evzones with their distinctive white uniform, and the post simplified khaki field dress. Constantine I of Greece as Field Marshal. Greek soldiers during the Greco-Turkish War — wearing Adrian helmets. The years — saw the introduction of many non-standard and transitional officer's uniforms, until finally, the new khaki wool model uniforms were introduced; these entailed minor changes to the other ranks ' uniform, mainly simplification by removing most coloured decorations, introducing collar tabs in branch-colour and the standard issue of cloth puttees.

Branch colours were revised to help easier identification Green for Cavalry ; Black for Artillery. The officers' uniform changed though significantly, adopting the changes that were already implemented by King Constantine and his staff in their private tunics, plus a return to the German-style cap that Constantine preferred; the new tunic was more practical for campaign, closer to the modern French and British styles.

Wider-cut, it had bigger, external pockets pleated on the breast, scalloped flaps and stand and fall collar; the pipings were replaced by a pair of branch-colour collar tabs with metal buttons and the Russian boards were replaced by smaller straps. The highly visible cap metal pipings were replaced with subdued rank stripes of brown colour; the old-style leather equipment was replaced by a fashionable Sam Browne and a Webley revolver -style holster.

The only major change introduced to the above uniform with the entry of Greece to the war in , was the return of the kepi by the revolutionary government of Salonika; the kepi thus came to represent the Venizelos ' faction in the course of the National Schism against the Royalist government of Athens, and symbolised the alliance with the French-led Entente.

When Constantine left in exile, the new government phased-in the kepi headgear for all the Army officers. Other items of French origin saw widespread use during these wars, including the Lebel rifle leather equipment, the Adrian helmet , painted dark olive and the bonnet de police in khaki wool; this uniform was used in Ukraine and Asia Minor , along with stocks of French World War I style that were rushed in to equip the excess troops. The main khaki service dress remained virtually unchanged until the late thirties.

The pattern for other ranks in khaki wool remained virtually unchanged and was the uniform issued en masse to the troops that were deployed in the Greco-Italian War of and the brief Battle of Greece. Changes were significant only in the equipment, which by this time was a motley collection of Austrian, German, French and British patterns, reflecting a similar vast variety in personal arms. In contemporary pictures it appears though that the front-line troops had a relative homogeneous appearance; the majority were equipped with a new Model helmet , which was based on the contemporary Italian shell in field green colour, but without vents and with a locally produced leather liner.

The main ammunition carrier was the Mannlicher twin-pouch and the Mauser triple-pouch, according to the rifle issued to the unit. Significant number of older French-design Lebel stocks were still in use, especially in support troops. A minority of front-line troops were issued with the Adrian helmet and British Brodie helmet , as the newer pattern was not received in adequate numbers. Due to the heavy winter conditions in Albania, the outfit was for most of the campaign covered by the long model woolen overcoat, single breasted, with turned down collar and rear semi-belt; the decorations on these uniforms were limited to a minimum.

In contrast to regulations, only a minority of tunics and coats had the prescribed branch-color collar tabs; these colors remained the same as in WW1, and expanded to include more specialist troops. A new pattern of NCO rank stripes similar to the British chevrons , did not see universal adoption before the outbreak of the war, and the older patterns were still seen.

The officers' uniforms came in the thirties much closer to the British pattern of service dress with the adoption of an open collar intended to be worn with shirt and woolen tie, again with riding breeches, boots and a Sam Browne belt ; the headgear in the late s turned for good to a British-type leather peaked cap in khaki, with the exception of the Gendarmerie and the Hellenic Army Academy , which kept their traditional kepi.

Officer rank insignia also changed from the colourful old Russian-style shoulderboards to a more subdued, British-style system. In a new pattern of forage cap was also introduced which was similar to the contemporary British, but with the Greek royal cockade in metal. By this time swords and sabres were limited to ceremonial use and a pistol was the main sidearm. As the war progressed, much of the supplies were depleted and the Greek Army increasingly had to use new stocks of British military aid.

At the last stages of the Battle of Greece, a significant number of troops was using battledress and the brodie helmet ; the reconstituted free Greek Army in Egypt was completely reequipped with British uniforms and arms, which they kept throughout the Italian campaign and the first stages of the Greek Civil War.

During these years, the new Greek Army was, outwardly, virtually indistinguishable from the forces of the British Commonwealth. The loyalist National Army fought the Civil War in British khaki battledress , wearing Brodie helmets , equipped in the majority with British arms. During their participation in the Korea War , the Greek Army were amply supplied with American stocks, parts of which they continued using in the sixties.

Officers uniforms were virtually identical to the British battle dress and service dress of the era. The woollen battledress was progressively replaced during the years of the Military Junta of , giving a more US-like appearance with olive green cotton fatigues and webbing, along with the general issue of locally produced M1 helmets in dark green colours.

Dark-green service uniforms inspired by the then current US style were also developed for officers in the 70s, while insignia and ranks continued to follow the British pattern as before.

Limited issues had been made of camouflage uniforms to elite units, such as the Alpine Commandos LOK , since the s; the camouflage pattern chosen was the French lizard type. This became the basis for the universal issue of camouflage clothing to all troops by the early s; when the Greek Army achieved its current appearance in uniforms.

Peter von Hess received training from his father Carl Ernst Christopher Hess, he accompanied his younger brother Heinrich Maria to Munich in , enrolled at the Munich Academy at the age of sixteen. He trained under Wilhelm von Kobell. During the Napoleonic Wars, he was allowed to join the staff of General Wrede, who commanded the Bavarians in the military operations which led to the abdication of Napoleon. There he gained a taste for extensive travel.

During this time, von Hess painted his first battle pieces. In he spent some time in Italy where he painted landscapes and various Italian scenes and travelled to Naples with Joseph Petzl and a group of other Bavarian artists.

In , at Ludwig's request, he accompanied Otto of Greece to the newly formed Kingdom of Greece , where at Athens he gathered materials for pictures of the war of liberation; the sketches which he made were placed, forty in number, in the Pinakothek, after being copied in wax on a large scale by Nilsen, in the northern arcades of the Hofgarten at Munich.

King Otho's entrance into Nauplia was the subject of a large and crowded canvas now in the Pinakothek, which Hess executed in person.

This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. Cambridge University Press. The organization implements the North Atlantic Treaty, signed on 4 April NATO constitutes a system of collective defence whereby its independent member states agree to mutual defence in response to an attack by any external party.

Since its founding, the admission of new member states has increased the alliance from the original 12 countries to 29; the most recent member state to be added to NATO is Montenegro on 5 June In , this alliance was expanded to include the Benelux countries, in the form of the Western Union referred to as the Brussels Treaty Organization, established by the Treaty of Brussels.

Talks for a new military alliance which could include North America resulted in the signature of the North Atlantic Treaty on 4 April by the member states of the Western Union plus the United States , Portugal , Norway and Iceland ; the North Atlantic Treaty was dormant until the Korean War initiated the establishment of NATO to implement it, by means of an integrated military structure: This included the formation of Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe in , which adopted the Western Union's military structures and plans.

Doubts over the strength of the relationship between the European states and the United States ebbed and flowed, along with doubts over the credibility of the NATO defense against a prospective Soviet invasion — doubts that led to the development of the independent French nuclear deterrent and the withdrawal of France from NATO's military structure in In the newly democratic Spain joined the alliance; the collapse of the Warsaw Pact in — removed the de facto main adversary of NATO and caused a strategic re-evaluation of NATO's purpose, nature and focus on the continent of Europe.

This shift started with the signing in Paris of the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe between NATO and the Soviet Union, which mandated specific military reductions across the continent that continued after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in December NATO began a gradual expansion to include newly autonomous Central and Eastern European nations, extended its activities into political and humanitarian situations that had not been NATO concerns.

After the fall of the Berlin Wall in Germany in , the organization conducted its first military interventions in Bosnia from to and Yugoslavia in during the breakup of Yugoslavia. Politically, the organization sought better relations with former Warsaw Pact countries, most of which joined the alliance in and Article 5 of the North Atlantic treaty, requiring member states to come to the aid of any member state subject to an armed attack, was invoked for the first and only time after the September 11 attacks , after which troops were deployed to Afghanistan under the NATO-led ISAF.

The basic Line Infantry uniform was light blue, with white breeches during summer, with bright red collar, piping and cuff facings. The officers' dress uniform was retained through subsequent changes in uniform styles, and continues in use today as the No. This uniform was used in Ukraine and Asia Minor , along with stocks of French World War I style that were rushed in to equip the excess troops. The Army also underwent its first mobilizations , in July — April due to the Greek annexation of Thessaly , and again in September — May , when Bulgaria annexed Eastern Rumelia. Uniformes grecs The equipment was brown leather, with a French-style pistol holster and a binocular case. The reconstituted free Greek Army in Egypt was completely reequipped with British uniforms and arms, which they kept throughout the Italian campaign and the first stages of the Greek Civil War.

Greek army uniforms

Greek army uniforms

Greek army uniforms

Greek army uniforms

Greek army uniforms

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Sell images Our Blog. Chat now. Password confirmation. Forgotten Password. Please enter your password Forgotten your password? Continue Cancel Send email OK. Narrow your search:. Page 1 of Next page. Recent searches:. Greek Army general and politician. Photograph, early 20th century. Greek Air Force symbol on a soldier uniform A formation line of Greek armed forces soldiers in military formation in uniform.

October Athens, Greece - March 5, Evzonas dressed in traditional Greek army uniform Tsolias standing guard at the Unknown Soldier Tomp monument The Greek parliament on Syntagma square in Athens Greek Air Force symbol on a soldier uniform A formation line of Greek armed forces soldiers in military formation in uniform. A Greek presidential guard dressed and ready to go to his duty. Greek army Greek armed forces historic Balkan wars admiral uniform.

Greek soldier, an Evzone, outside the Parliament building, Athens, Greece A young girl having her photo taken with a Presidential Guard in traditional uniform by the gate of Presidential Mansion. Greece Athens, Greece - March 5, Evzonas dressed in traditional Greek army uniform Tsolias standing guard at the Unknown Soldier Tomp monument Traditional 'Changing of the Guard' Ceremony in front of the Greek Parliament building at Syntagma Square fete to officers of the english and french forces and the greek army and navy in the acropolis at athens A formation line of Greek armed forces soldiers in military formation in uniform.

Greek guard performing the changing of the guard in Athens, Greece. Before the guards are going to their duty they have to be examined if they are in a good shape Old Yugoslavian Croatian Serbian greek man from the Balkans in a traditional folk outfit of a white embroidered shirt with a red and black Lika hat.

Athens, Greece - May 16 Traditional presidential guard, aka Evzone, in front of the parliament house in Athens, Greece capital city. A formation line of Greek armed forces soldiers in military formation in uniform. Russian Navy official uniform and medal details. The Evzoni are one of the sy The greek guardian in traditional uniform marches near the presidental palace, Athens, Greece The Evzones or Evzonoi is the name of several historical elite light infantry and mountain units of the Greek Army Thessaloniki, Greece - October 28, Hellenic Army soldiers take part at the annual military parade, for the entrance of Greece in WWII back in , at the northern Greek city of Thessaloniki.

March during national day celebration military parade, commemorating the Greek no against the Mussolini Italian ultimatum. Ancient Greek Soldiers helmet at a reenactment. Under strictly security measures held the solemn Blessing at St.

Demetrius Church in Thessaloniki for the feast of the patron Saint Demetrius and the historical Anniversary of the Liberation of Thessaloniki and 28 October.

Greek army uniforms

Greek army uniforms

Greek army uniforms