Of gay people-The Williams Institute

The demographics of sexual orientation vary significantly, and estimates for the LGBT population are subject to controversy and ensuing debates. Obtaining precise numbers is difficult for a variety of reasons. One of the major reasons for the difference in statistical findings regarding homosexuality and bisexuality has to do with the nature of the research questions. Major research studies on sexual orientation are discussed. Most of the studies listed below rely on self-report data, which poses challenges to researchers inquiring into sensitive subject matter.

In an anonymous Of gay people of 8, New Zealand secondary school students conducted by the University of Aucklandpeopld. We appreciate you signing up for the MAP newsletter. Of this figure, 87 percent were men having had sex with men. While sexual attraction changed more for women than for men, changes among Porno smurf were more consistently to greater homosexuality, while changes among women past age 26 occurred equally in both directions i. Would you favor or oppose a law that would allow homosexual couples to legally form civil unions, giving them some of the legal rights of married couples? Of 21 personal behaviors and practices measured, Americans agree most widely that birth control is morally acceptable and Of gay people extramarital affairs are morally wrong.

Act reperatory spokane. Sweatshirt let Diana hide from the paparazzi in plain sight

He is the host peopl comedy chat show The Graham Norton Show. Often gay people themselves can be confused about everything or are still finding themselves. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Of gay people 18 February Elsevier Fort riley kasas Sciences. Gender and sexual Of gay people. Archived from the original asp on 18 June You must be logged in to post a comment. Retrieved 22 July If you wouldn't allow your daughter's boyfriend to sleep in her room, you don't have to allow her girlfriend to do ;eople.

T he number of people believing there is nothing wrong with gay sex has fallen for the first time since the Aids crisis.

  • Show less
  • Parents send their lesbian daughter to a program they heard about at church.
  • This is a referenced overview list of notable gay , lesbian or bisexual people, who have either been open about their sexuality or for which reliable sources exist.
  • From Alexander the Great to Neil Patrick Harris, this gay celebrities list has all the most famous gay men throughout history, with photos included.
  • Homosexuality is romantic attraction, sexual attraction , or sexual behavior between members of the same sex or gender.
  • .

This is a referenced overview list of notable gay , lesbian or bisexual people, who have either been open about their sexuality or for which reliable sources exist. Famous persons who are only rumored to be gay, lesbian or bisexual are not included in this list. The definition of sexual orientation has changed greatly over time and the word "gay" wasn't used to describe sexual orientation until the mid 20th century. A number of different classification schemes have been used to describe sexual orientation since the midth century.

Much of the research about sexual orientation has failed to define the term at all, making it difficult to reconcile the results of different studies.

Some prefer to simply follow an individual's self-definition or identity. See homosexuality and bisexuality for criteria that have traditionally denoted lesbian, gay and bisexual LGB people. The high prevalence of people from the West on this list may be due to societal attitudes toward homosexuality. Opinion in Europe is split between West and East. Majorities in every Western European nation surveyed say homosexuality should be accepted by society, while most Russians, Poles and Ukrainians disagree.

The following list includes notable people who have self-identified as homosexual or bisexual, or whose homosexuality or bisexuality has been backed by sources that are usually considered reliable. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness.

You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries. List of gay, lesbian or bisexual people: A List of gay, lesbian or bisexual people: Ba—Bh List of gay, lesbian or bisexual people: Bi—Bz List of gay, lesbian or bisexual people: C List of gay, lesbian or bisexual people: D—E List of gay, lesbian or bisexual people: F List of gay, lesbian or bisexual people: G List of gay, lesbian or bisexual people: H List of gay, lesbian or bisexual people: I—J List of gay, lesbian or bisexual people: K List of gay, lesbian or bisexual people: L List of gay, lesbian or bisexual people: M List of gay, lesbian or bisexual people: N—O List of gay, lesbian or bisexual people: P—Q List of gay, lesbian or bisexual people: R List of gay, lesbian or bisexual people: Sa—Sc List of gay, lesbian or bisexual people: Sd—Si List of gay, lesbian or bisexual people: Sj—Sz List of gay, lesbian or bisexual people: T—V List of gay, lesbian or bisexual people: W—Z.

Journal of Homosexuality. The Developing Adult Second ed. December Archives of Sexual Behavior. Retrieved Views of a Changing World. Washington, D. LGBT people.

Pansexuals Sexually fluid people Lesbian filmmakers. Murder victims Political office-holders Non-binary writers. Intersex people Androgynous people. Hidden categories: Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages Dynamic lists Articles containing potentially dated statements from All articles containing potentially dated statements.

Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read View source View history. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Category Portal. The decision to come out is a personal one. Method 1. The formal practice, an erotic yet often restrained relationship between a free adult male and a free adolescent, was valued for its pedagogic benefits and as a means of population control, though occasionally blamed for causing disorder. The word lesbian is derived from the name of the Greek island Lesbos , where the poet Sappho wrote largely about her emotional relationships with young women. Olfactory system in mating preferences [] [].

Of gay people. Search form

The Kinsey scale , also called the Heterosexual-Homosexual Rating Scale, [97] attempts to describe a person's sexual history or episodes of his or her sexual activity at a given time. It uses a scale from 0, meaning exclusively heterosexual , to 6, meaning exclusively homosexual. In both the Male and Female volumes of the Kinsey Reports , an additional grade, listed as "X", has been interpreted by scholars to indicate asexuality.

Often, sexual orientation and sexual identity are not distinguished, which can impact accurately assessing sexual identity and whether or not sexual orientation is able to change; sexual orientation identity can change throughout an individual's life, and may or may not align with biological sex, sexual behavior or actual sexual orientation.

People with a homosexual orientation can express their sexuality in a variety of ways, and may or may not express it in their behaviors. Coming out of the closet is a phrase referring to one's disclosure of their sexual orientation or gender identity, and is described and experienced variously as a psychological process or journey. The first phase is that of "knowing oneself", and the realization emerges that one is open to same-sex relations. The second phase involves one's decision to come out to others, e.

The third phase more generally involves living openly as an LGBT person. At this age, they may not trust or ask for help from others, especially when their orientation is not accepted in society.

Sometimes their own families are not even informed. According to Rosario, Schrimshaw, Hunter, Braun , "the development of a lesbian, gay, or bisexual LGB sexual identity is a complex and often difficult process. Unlike members of other minority groups e. Rather, LGB individuals are often raised in communities that are either ignorant of or openly hostile toward homosexuality. Outing is the practice of publicly revealing the sexual orientation of a closeted person.

Many commentators oppose the practice altogether, [] while some encourage outing public figures who use their positions of influence to harm other gay people. Lesbians often experience their sexuality differently from gay men, and have different understandings about etiology from those derived from studies focused mostly on men.

For information specific to female homosexuality, see Lesbian. This is the only major piece of research into female sexuality that has looked at how women understand being homosexual since Kinsey in The research yielded information about women's general understanding of lesbian relationships and their sexual orientation. Women gave various reasons for preferring sexual relations with women to sexual relations with men, including finding women more sensitive to other people's needs.

Since Hite carried out her study she has acknowledged that some women may have chosen the political identity of a lesbian. Julie Bindel , a UK journalist, reaffirmed that "political lesbianism continues to make intrinsic sense because it reinforces the idea that sexuality is a choice, and we are not destined to a particular fate because of our chromosomes. Early 20th-century writers on a homosexual orientation usually understood it to be intrinsically linked to the subject's own sex.

For example, it was thought that a typical female-bodied person who is attracted to female-bodied persons would have masculine attributes, and vice versa. Transgender and cisgender people may be attracted to men, women or both, although the prevalence of different sexual orientations is quite different in these two populations see sexual orientation of transwomen.

An individual homosexual, heterosexual or bisexual person may be masculine, feminine, or androgynous , and in addition, many members and supporters of lesbian and gay communities now see the "gender-conforming heterosexual" and the "gender-nonconforming homosexual" as negative stereotypes.

However, studies by J. Michael Bailey and K. Zucker have found that a majority of gay men and lesbians report being gender-nonconforming during their childhood years. Reliable data as to the size of the gay and lesbian population are of value in informing public policy. Measuring the prevalence of homosexuality presents difficulties. It is necessary to consider the measuring criteria that are used, the cutoff point and the time span taken to define a sexual orientation.

The research must measure some characteristic that may or may not be defining of sexual orientation. The number of people with same-sex desires may be larger than the number of people who act on those desires, which in turn may be larger than the number of people who self-identify as gay, lesbian, or bisexual.

A study by the CDC in which over 34, Americans were interviewed, puts the percentage of self-identifying lesbians and gay men at 1. In October , Gallup started conducting annual surveys to study the demographics of LGBT people, determining that 3. The poll attributes the rise to greater willingness of younger people to reveal their sexual identity. In recognition of the scientific evidence, [] the American Psychiatric Association removed homosexuality from the DSM in , stating that "homosexuality per se implies no impairment in judgment, stability, reliability, or general social or vocational capabilities.

Thus, mental health professionals and researchers have long recognized that being homosexual poses no inherent obstacle to leading a happy, healthy, and productive life, and that the vast majority of gay and lesbian people function well in the full array of social institutions and interpersonal relationships. The consensus of research and clinical literature demonstrates that same-sex sexual and romantic attractions, feelings, and behaviors are normal and positive variations of human sexuality.

The Chinese Society of Psychiatry removed homosexuality from its Chinese Classification of Mental Disorders in after five years of study by the association. However, the experiences of discrimination in society and possible rejection by friends, families and others, such as employers, means that some LGB people experience a greater than expected prevalence of mental health difficulties and substance misuse problems.

Although there have been claims by conservative political groups in the USA that this higher prevalence of mental health difficulties is confirmation that homosexuality is itself a mental disorder, there is no evidence whatever to substantiate such a claim.

Most lesbian, gay, and bisexual people who seek psychotherapy do so for the same reasons as heterosexual people stress, relationship difficulties, difficulty adjusting to social or work situations, etc.

Whatever the issue, there is a high risk for anti-gay bias in psychotherapy with lesbian, gay, and bisexual clients. The appropriate application of affirmative psychotherapy is based on the following scientific facts: []. Although scientists favor biological models for the cause of sexual orientation, [3] they do not believe that the development of sexual orientation is the result of any one factor. They generally believe that it is determined by a complex interplay of biological and environmental factors , and is shaped at an early age.

The American Academy of Pediatrics stated in Pediatrics in Despite numerous attempts, no "gay gene" has been identified. However, there is substantial evidence for a genetic basis of homosexuality, especially in males, based on twin studies ; some association with regions of Chromosome 8 , the Xq28 locus on the X chromosome , and other sites across many chromosomes. Sanders et al. Starting in the s, potential epigenetic factors have become a topic of increased attention in genetic research on sexual orientation.

Research into the causes of homosexuality plays a role in political and social debates and also raises concerns about genetic profiling and prenatal testing. Since homosexuality tends to lower reproductive success, and since there is considerable evidence that human sexual orientation is genetically influenced, it is unclear how it is maintained in the population at a relatively high frequency.

There are no studies of adequate scientific rigor that conclude that sexual orientation change efforts work to change a person's sexual orientation. Those efforts have been controversial due to tensions between the values held by some faith-based organizations, on the one hand, and those held by LGBT rights organizations and professional and scientific organizations and other faith-based organizations, on the other.

Many of these individuals and groups appeared to be embedded within the larger context of conservative religious political movements that have supported the stigmatization of homosexuality on political or religious grounds. No major mental health professional organization has sanctioned efforts to change sexual orientation and virtually all of them have adopted policy statements cautioning the profession and the public about treatments that purport to change sexual orientation.

The American Psychological Association states that "sexual orientation is not a choice that can be changed at will, and that sexual orientation is most likely the result of a complex interaction of environmental, cognitive and biological factors They do, however, encourage gay affirmative psychotherapy.

The American Psychological Association "encourages mental health professionals to avoid misrepresenting the efficacy of sexual orientation change efforts by promoting or promising change in sexual orientation when providing assistance to individuals distressed by their own or others' sexual orientation and concludes that the benefits reported by participants in sexual orientation change efforts can be gained through approaches that do not attempt to change sexual orientation".

Scientific research has been generally consistent in showing that lesbian and gay parents are as fit and capable as heterosexual parents, and their children are as psychologically healthy and well-adjusted as children reared by heterosexual parents. Patterson for the American Psychological Association found that the available data did not suggest higher rates of homosexuality among the children of lesbian or gay parents. The terms " men who have sex with men " MSM and " women who have sex with women " WSW refer to people who engage in sexual activity with others of the same sex regardless of how they identify themselves—as many choose not to accept social identities as lesbian, gay and bisexual.

The terms are seen as problematic by some, however, because they "obscure social dimensions of sexuality; undermine the self-labeling of lesbian, gay, and bisexual people; and do not sufficiently describe variations in sexual behavior". In contrast to its benefits, sexual behavior can be a disease vector.

Safe sex is a relevant harm reduction philosophy. These safer sex recommendations are agreed upon by public health officials for women who have sex with women to avoid sexually transmitted infections STIs :.

These safer sex recommendations are agreed upon by public health officials for men who have sex with men to avoid sexually transmitted infections:. When it was first described in medical literature, homosexuality was often approached from a view that sought to find an inherent psychopathology as its root cause.

Much literature on mental health and homosexual patients centered on their depression , substance abuse , and suicide. Although these issues exist among people who are non-heterosexual , discussion about their causes shifted after homosexuality was removed from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual DSM in Instead, social ostracism, legal discrimination, internalization of negative stereotypes, and limited support structures indicate factors homosexual people face in Western societies that often adversely affect their mental health.

Gay and lesbian youth bear an increased risk of suicide, substance abuse, school problems, and isolation because of a "hostile and condemning environment, verbal and physical abuse, rejection and isolation from family and peers".

Suggested reasons for this disparity are that 1 LGBT youths may be specifically targeted on the basis of their perceived sexual orientation or gender non-conforming appearance, and 2 that "risk factors associated with sexual minority status, including discrimination, invisibility, and rejection by family members Higher rates of family rejection were significantly associated with poorer health outcomes. On the basis of odds ratios, lesbian, gay, and bisexual young adults who reported higher levels of family rejection during adolescence were 8.

Crisis centers in larger cities and information sites on the Internet have arisen to help youth and adults. Most nations do not prohibit consensual sex between unrelated persons above the local age of consent. Some jurisdictions further recognize identical rights, protections, and privileges for the family structures of same-sex couples, including marriage.

Some countries and jurisdictions mandate that all individuals restrict themselves to heterosexual activity and disallow homosexual activity via sodomy laws. Offenders can face the death penalty in Islamic countries and jurisdictions ruled by sharia. There are, however, often significant differences between official policy and real-world enforcement. Although homosexual acts were decriminalized in some parts of the Western world , such as Poland in , Denmark in , Sweden in , and the England and Wales in , it was not until the mids that the gay community first began to achieve limited civil rights in some developed countries.

During the s and s, most developed countries enacted laws decriminalizing homosexual behavior and prohibiting discrimination against lesbian and gay people in employment, housing, and services.

On the other hand, many countries today in the Middle East and Africa, as well as several countries in Asia, the Caribbean and the South Pacific, outlaw homosexuality. In , the Supreme Court of India upheld Section of the Indian Penal Code , [] but in overturned itself and legalized homosexual activity throughout India. In the European Union , discrimination of any type based on sexual orientation or gender identity is illegal under the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union.

Since the s, many LGBT people in the West, particularly those in major metropolitan areas, have developed a so-called gay culture. To many, [ who?

Yet not all LGBT people choose to participate in "queer culture", and many gay men and women specifically decline to do so. To some [ who? With the outbreak of AIDS in the early s, many LGBT groups and individuals organized campaigns to promote efforts in AIDS education, prevention, research, patient support, and community outreach, as well as to demand government support for these programs. The death toll wrought by the AIDS epidemic at first seemed to slow the progress of the gay rights movement, but in time it galvanized some parts of the LGBT community into community service and political action, and challenged the heterosexual community to respond compassionately.

Publicly gay politicians have attained numerous government posts, even in countries that had sodomy laws in their recent past. LGBT movements are opposed by a variety of individuals and organizations. Some social conservatives believe that all sexual relationships with people other than an opposite-sex spouse undermine the traditional family [] and that children should be reared in homes with both a father and a mother.

Policies and attitudes toward gay and lesbian military personnel vary widely around the world. Some countries allow gay men, lesbians, and bisexual people to serve openly and have granted them the same rights and privileges as their heterosexual counterparts. Many countries neither ban nor support LGB service members. A few countries continue to ban homosexual personnel outright. Most Western military forces have removed policies excluding sexual minority members.

Of the 26 countries that participate militarily in NATO , more than 20 permit openly gay, lesbian and bisexual people to serve. The other two generally do not: China bans gay and lesbian people outright, Russia excludes all gay and lesbian people during peacetime but allows some gay men to serve in wartime see below. Israel is the only country in the Middle East region that allows openly LGB people to serve in the military. While the question of homosexuality in the military has been highly politicized in the United States, it is not necessarily so in many countries.

Generally speaking, sexuality in these cultures is considered a more personal aspect of one's identity than it is in the United States. According to American Psychological Association , empirical evidence fails to show that sexual orientation is germane to any aspect of military effectiveness including unit cohesion , morale, recruitment and retention.

Societal acceptance of non-heterosexual orientations such as homosexuality is lowest in Asian, African and Eastern European countries, [] [] and is highest in Western Europe, Australia, and the Americas.

Western society has become increasingly accepting of homosexuality since the s. In , Professor Amy Adamczyk contended that these cross-national differences in acceptance can be largely explained by three factors: the relative strength of democratic institutions, the level of economic development, and the religious context of the places where people live. In , the American Psychological Association , American Psychiatric Association and National Association of Social Workers stated in an amicus brief presented to the Supreme Court of California : "Gay men and lesbians form stable, committed relationships that are equivalent to heterosexual relationships in essential respects.

The institution of marriage offers social, psychological, and health benefits that are denied to same-sex couples. By denying same-sex couples the right to marry, the state reinforces and perpetuates the stigma historically associated with homosexuality. Homosexuality remains stigmatized, and this stigma has negative consequences.

California's prohibition on marriage for same-sex couples reflects and reinforces this stigma". They concluded: "There is no scientific basis for distinguishing between same-sex couples and heterosexual couples with respect to the legal rights, obligations, benefits, and burdens conferred by civil marriage. Though the relationship between homosexuality and religion is complex, current authoritative bodies and doctrines of the world's largest religions view homosexual behaviour negatively.

This can range from quietly discouraging homosexual activity, to explicitly forbidding same-sex sexual practices among adherents and actively opposing social acceptance of homosexuality. Some teach that homosexual desire itself is sinful, [] others state that only the sexual act is a sin, [] others are completely accepting of gays and lesbians , [] while some encourage homosexuality.

On the other hand, voices exist within many of these religions that view homosexuality more positively, and liberal religious denominations may bless same-sex marriages. Some view same-sex love and sexuality as sacred, and a mythology of same-sex love can be found around the world. Gay bullying can be the verbal or physical abuse against a person who is perceived by the aggressor to be lesbian , gay , bisexual or transgender, including persons who are actually heterosexual or of non-specific or unknown sexual orientation.

In the US, teenage students heard anti-gay slurs such as "homo", "faggot" and "sissy" about 26 times a day on average, or once every 14 minutes, according to a study by Mental Health America formerly National Mental Health Association.

In many cultures, homosexual people are frequently subject to prejudice and discrimination. These attitudes tend to be due to forms of homophobia and heterosexism negative attitudes , bias, and discrimination in favor of opposite-sex sexuality and relationships. Heterosexism can include the presumption that everyone is heterosexual or that opposite-sex attractions and relationships are the norm and therefore superior.

Homophobia is a fear of, aversion to, or discrimination against homosexual people. It manifests in different forms, and a number of different types have been postulated, among which are internalized homophobia, social homophobia, emotional homophobia, rationalized homophobia, and others. When such attitudes manifest as crimes they are often called hate crimes and gay bashing.

Negative stereotypes characterize LGB people as less romantically stable, more promiscuous and more likely to abuse children, but there is no scientific basis to such assertions.

Gay men and lesbians form stable, committed relationships that are equivalent to heterosexual relationships in essential respects. LGBT people, especially lesbians, may become the victims of " corrective rape ", a violent crime with the supposed aim of making them heterosexual. In certain parts of the world, LGBT people are also at risk of " honor killings " perpetrated by their families or relatives. In Morocco , a constitutional monarchy following Islamic laws, homosexual acts are a punishable offence.

With a population hostile towards LGBT people, the country has witnessed public demonstrations against homosexuals, public denunciations of presumed homosexual individuals, as well as violent intrusions in private homes.

The community in the country is exposed to additional risk of prejudice, social rejection and violence, with a greater impossibility of obtaining protection even from the police. In , Abderrahim El Habachi became one of the many homosexual Moroccans to flee the country for fear, and sought shelter in the United Kingdom. Homosexual and bisexual behaviors occur in a number of other animal species. Such behaviors include sexual activity , courtship , affection , pair bonding , and parenting , [18] and are widespread; a review by researcher Bruce Bagemihl shows that homosexual behavior has been documented in about species, ranging from primates to gut worms.

The motivations for and implications of these behaviors have yet to be fully understood, since most species have yet to be fully studied. A review paper by N. Bailey and Marlene Zuk looking into studies of same-sex sexual behaviour in animals challenges the view that such behaviour lowers reproductive success, citing several hypotheses about how same-sex sexual behavior might be adaptive; these hypotheses vary greatly among different species.

Bailey and Zuk also suggest future research needs to look into evolutionary consequences of same-sex sexual behaviour, rather than only looking into origins of such behaviour. Category:LGBT culture. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about homosexuality in humans. For homosexuality in other species, see Homosexual behavior in animals. Romantic or sexual attraction or behavior between members of the same sex or gender.

Sexual orientation. Homosexuality Bisexuality pansexuality polysexuality Asexuality gray asexuality Demographics Biology Environment. Social attitudes. Prejudice , violence. Academic fields and discourse.

Queer studies Lesbian feminism Queer theory Transfeminism Lavender linguistics. For other uses, see Poof disambiguation. Main article: Terminology of homosexuality. See also: Homosexuality in ancient Egypt. See also: Homosexuality in ancient Peru. Further information: Homosexuality and Judaism and The Bible and homosexuality.

Main articles: Sexual identity and Sexual fluidity. Main article: Same-sex relationship. Main article: Coming out. Main article: Demographics of sexual orientation. Main article: Homosexuality and psychology.

Main articles: Biology and sexual orientation and Environment and sexual orientation. Further information: Xq Main article: Gay gene. Rh system. Main article: Sexual orientation change efforts. Main article: LGBT parenting. See also: LGBT adoption.

Men who have sex with men may donate blood; No deferral. Men who have sex with men may donate blood; No deferral, except for blood transfusions 1. Men who have sex with men may donate blood; Temporary deferral 1. Men who have sex with men may not donate blood; Permanent deferral 1.

No Data. Main article: LGBT rights by country or territory. Worldwide laws regarding same-sex intercourse and state of expression and association. Rings indicate areas where local judges have granted or denied marriages or imposed the death penalty in a jurisdiction where that is not otherwise the law or areas with a case-by-case application.

Same-sex sexual activity legal 3. Male same-sex sexual activity illegal. Same-sex sexual activity illegal. All countries and territories listed that where annexed or established into reichskommissariat s by Nazi Germany during World War II where restored as independent countries or reincorporated into their previous countries during or after the war and thus re-legalized same-sex sexual activity in those areas.

Libya's laws against same-sex sexual activity where thus extended to the annexed Aouzou Strip. The Aouzou dispute was concluded on 3 February , when the judges of the International Court of Justice by a majority of 16 to 1 decided that the Aouzou Strip belonged to Chad. Monitored by international observers, the withdrawal of Libyan troops from the Strip began on 15 April , and was completed by 10 May The formal and final transfer of the Aouzou Strip from Libya to Chad took place on 30 May , when the sides signed a joint declaration stating that the Libyan withdrawal had been effected.

Same-sex sexual activity had also never been criminalized in continent of Antarctica. Further information: LGBT social movements. This section needs additional citations for verification.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Main article: Sexual orientation and military service. Further information: Societal attitudes toward homosexuality.

No data. Main article: Religion and homosexuality. Main article: Gay bullying. Further information: Heterosexism and Homophobia. Further information: Rape. Main article: Homosexual behavior in animals. LGBT portal. American Psychological Association.

Archived from the original on 8 August Retrieved 10 August Retrieved 21 December Cengage Learning. Retrieved 11 February The most recent literature from the APA says that sexual orientation is not a choice that can be changed at will, and that sexual orientation is most likely the result of a complex interaction of environmental, cognitive and biological factors Principles and Practice of Psychiatric Nursing. Elsevier Health Sciences. No conclusive evidence supports any one specific cause of homosexuality; however, most researchers agree that biological and social factors influence the development of sexual orientation.

Delivering Culturally Competent Nursing Care. Springer Publishing Company. Retrieved 10 February Most health and mental health organizations do not view sexual orientation as a 'choice. Psychological Science in the Public Interest. Oxford University Press. The Biology of Homosexuality. The Royal College of Psychiatrists. Retrieved 13 June Religious Tolerance. Retrieved 12 September Pan American Health Organization.

Archived from the original on 23 May Retrieved 26 May Cambridge University Press , Cambridge. The Advocate , reprinted in Highbeam Encyclopedia. Retrieved 10 September American Psychiatric Association. A Dictionary of True Etymologies. A Student's Dictionary of Psychology. Psychology Press. Journal of Homosexuality.

Retrieved 10 May Oxford Dictionaries. Retrieved 7 August Of a person, especially a man homosexual. Retrieved 24 August Archived from the original PDF on 20 March Retrieved 4 October Sex in the ancient world from A to Z 1st published.

London [u. Houghton Mifflin. Dictionary of American Slang and Colloquial Expressions. Archived from the original on 15 October Association of College and Research Libraries. Chicago [u. BBC News. Halperin, How to Do the History of Homosexuality. Bryn Mawr Classical Review. Penguin Books. Myth of the Modern Homosexual. Bloomsbury Academic. The author has made adapted and expanded portions of this book available online as A Critique of Social Constructionism and Postmodern Queer Theory.

New York: Routledge. Honderich, Ted ed. The Oxford Companion to Philosophy. Oxford: Oxford University Press. New York: St. Martin's Press. American Anthropologist. In Claude J. Summers ed. Archived from the original on 2 November Retrieved 1 August Quoted by Coello de la Rosa, Alexandre. The fragile scholar: power and masculinity in Chinese culture. Hong Kong University Press. Passions of the Cut Sleeve. University of California Press. Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved 7 February Academic Press.

Before Homosexuality in the Arab-Islamic World, — The University of Chicago Press. The Independent. Retrieved 29 May Israel is the only Middle-Eastern country to support gay rights legislation, and the country attracts gay people from Palestine and Lebanon. Calgary Herald. The New York Times. Archived from the original on 29 October New York Times. Retrieved 1 October Sex and Eroticism in Mesopotamian Literature. Islamic Homosexualities: Culture, History, and Literature.

Homosexuality in the Ancient World. Garland Publishing. Wayne R. Dynes and Stephen Donaldson ed. Garland Publishing, Inc. When Heroes Love. Columbia University Press. The Kinsey Institute. Retrieved 8 September Oyster; Jane E.

Sloan Encyclopedia of Women in Today's World. Sage Pubns. Retrieved 17 December Journal of Sex Research. James; Williams, Mark L. Sexually Transmitted Diseases. American Sexually Transmitted Diseases Association. Marc; Vilain, Eric; Epprecht, Marc We expect that in all cultures the vast majority of individuals are sexually predisposed exclusively to the other sex i.

For other groups, such as Buddhists, Hindus, Sikhs, Lutherans, Presbyterians, Methodists, and Episcopalians, it is still a matter of debate, with some followers in favor of acceptance, and others against it.

Even within faiths such as Catholicism, Islam , and Orthodox Judaism, one can find individual believers who interpret their faith in various ways. Your faith is your business, and you are free to believe what you want. This should not, however, lead you to treat people with disrespect or cruelty. Leave the judging to God.

Fake it till you make it. This process does not happen overnight, and even with the best of intentions you may still find yourself uncomfortable with or confused by gay people. This will change with time if you continue to work at it. In the meantime, however, the most important thing is to treat gay and lesbian people with as much respect and dignity as you would do for any other human being.

If you do this regularly, you will probably find your understanding of gay and lesbian people evolves naturally and that they are ultimately the same as any ordinary person. Method 4. Give them their privacy. The decision to come out is a personal one. If you suspect someone you know is gay or lesbian, don't just ask them about it out of nowhere.

If this is something they want to talk about with you, they will bring it up themselves. React kindly if someone tells you they are gay. If someone who is just starting to come out chooses to share this part of themself with you, it is a huge gift of trust. Thank them for confiding in you, and remind them that you care.

Often gay people themselves can be confused about everything or are still finding themselves. Don't press any farther than the person lets on. Understand not all LGBT people want to answer your questions. If you know a gay person and think they might be open to answering some of your questions, politely ask them. If they say no, back off respectfully. Support them if they are struggling. If they are having a hard time, offer them compassion and acceptance. They may really need it. Use appropriate language.

This should hopefully be obvious, but you should never use gay or other anti-LGBT slurs. It is important for straight allies to the LGBT community to use respectful language when referring to gay and lesbian people. If someone refers to themselves as a certain term, do not assume you can. It is different for who is saying it and who it is about. Be empathetic. Empathy is the ability to feel with someone, rather than for them; it is the ability to project yourself into the experience of another person.

My best guy friend just told me he was bi. I don't know what to say or do; I've tried to keep things normal but its hard. Any advice? Tom De Backer. Remember he didn't become bi yesterday. He's been like this for a while now, and your friendship never suffered because of it, so why should it now? Of course, knowing it makes it a little awkward, but it doesn't have to.

Just let him know you're glad he trusted you with how he feels, and keep enjoying your friendship. It takes time for the awkwardness to go away, but that's normal. Treat it like finding out what color T-shirt he's wearing under his sweater: the color has the same impact on your friendship as the being bi thing - zero. Yes No. Not Helpful 4 Helpful Is watching anime a gay thing to do? I don't want my friend to think it's weird. People of all sexual preferences watch anime.

And it is also not "weird" to watch anime, or to be gay. Not Helpful 6 Helpful Some are, some aren't, just like straight people. It's impossible to make such a broad generalization. Not Helpful 3 Helpful If I found out that my daughter is lesbian, does it mean I have to agree with whatever she wants, like accept that her girlfriend will sleep in her room? Accept her for who she is, love her, and don't treat her any differently than you did before you found out, but it is still your house and you are entitled to setting your own rules and boundaries.

If you wouldn't allow your daughter's boyfriend to sleep in her room, you don't have to allow her girlfriend to do so. Just be consistent and make sure you're not acting out of prejudice.

Not Helpful 12 Helpful A gay friend of mine is going through depression because of his sexuality, what should I do to help him? Angelica F. Let him know you're there for him, and that you accept him for who he is. Make sure he knows that he can come to you if he needs someone to talk to. Not Helpful 2 Helpful If I have a girlfriend, how do I deal with a guy having a crush on me? I'm female. It's up to you.

You can tell him you're just not interested, you're already seeing someone, he's not your type, or you can just say that you're gay if you are. Not Helpful 1 Helpful Understand that all people are different and unique and there's nothing wrong with that. It's natural for you to be upset about such a big change in your life, but try to understand that your mom is a person too, and she shouldn't pretend to be someone she's not.

Maybe try being happy for your mom that she's found out who she really is. Not Helpful 5 Helpful What can I do if I am not ready to deal with the behavior but I still want to see my lesbian granddaughter?

Alabama mayor suggested 'killing out' gay people - BBC News

F or a single statistic to be the primary propaganda weapon for a radical political movement is unusual. Kinsey did not believe that sexual identity was fixed and simply categorised, and perhaps his most lasting contribution was his scale, still used today, in which individuals are rated from exclusively heterosexual to exclusively homosexual on a scale of 0 to 6. He acknowledged that people could move on the scale during their lifetime, and indeed Kinsey himself is said to have moved from a 1 or 2 when younger to a 3 or 4 in middle age.

This did not stop this figure being strongly disputed by conservatives, who were overjoyed when, in , the US National Survey of Men estimated that only 2. When it became necessary to predict what would happen to the Aids epidemic, it was vital to find out what people actually did with each other. Surveys started to distinguish between identity what sexual orientation you claim ; attraction who you find sexually attractive ; and behaviour whether you have had same-sex experiences.

The numbers for each area turn out to be very different. The National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles Natsal is the most reliable source of information on what Britons do in private, and has taken place every 10 years since But there is a clear gradient with age, with a much higher proportion in younger people, particularly in younger women: the percentage for women between 16 and 24 jumps nearly fourfold.

Sexual identity is also now part of official government statistics. But only 0. So is this evidence of bias in the Natsal participants or a sign of reluctance to open up in a general household survey that is largely concerned with mundane matters such as shopping habits? That works out to a total of nearly 1.

But, just as in the UK, the routine US National Health Interview Survey NHIS comes up with a lower figure for bisexuality than the dedicated sex surveys: it seems plausible that there is less willingness to acknowledge bisexual identity in routine surveys, whereas those who clearly identify themselves as gay or lesbian are willing to be more upfront.

Same-sex sexual behaviour can come in all degrees of intensity. Respondents are asked about activity at any age, so adolescent fumblings counted. But this is not all just girls kissing girls in imitation of Madonna and Britney Spears; around half report genital contact, and around half of these in the past five years, so that overall nearly one in 20 women report a same-sex partner in the past five years. But has there really been a change, or are women simply more willing to report what they get up to?

Using some neat cross-checking, Natsal reckons that the change between and was partly due to more honest reporting, but the rise in and was all real. And it is clear that there is a lot of experimental activity — roughly, for each woman who has had a recent same-sex partner there are two more of the same age who have had some same-sex contact in their lives, but no partner in the past five years.

Men show a different pattern. However, the picture shows a clear peak of lifetime same-sex experience for men aged around 60, and then a dramatic drop in those around 70, a pattern not seen in women.

History might provide some explanation: men now aged around 60 were teenagers in the liberating 60s, when homosexuality was legalised, while men who are now around 70 grew up when same-sex male behaviour in men was illegal and frequently prosecuted.

Much younger men, meanwhile, would have come to adulthood in the more sober era of HIV. Overall the proportion of people with same-sex experience is far higher than the proportion who identify themselves as gay and bisexual. This must mean that many same-sex contacts are by people who do not consider themselves gay or bisexual.

And there is one characteristic that unites female and male same-sex experience: the rates are two to three times higher among those with further education than those with no qualifications.

He died aged 59 in of an Aids-related illness in California. Yet his legacy lives on. Because, if we consider possible transient same-sex behaviour, his rather wild stat-in-the-dark begins to look rather reasonable.

Identity aside, ten per cent of the population, it seems, could well be involved in same sex behaviour after all. Facebook Twitter Pinterest. Topics Sexuality The Observer. Reuse this content. Order by newest oldest recommendations. Show 25 25 50 All.

Threads collapsed expanded unthreaded. Loading comments… Trouble loading? Most popular.