As a psycho-cultural perception of menace from the Eastern world, fear of the Yellow Peril was more racial than national, a fear derived, not from concern with a specific source of danger, from any one country or people, but from a vaguely ominous, existential fear of the faceless, nameless horde of yellow people opposite the Western world. The racist ideology of the Yellow Peril is a "core imagery of apes, lesser men, primitives, children, madmen, and beings who possessed special powers", which are cultural representations of colored people that originated in the Graeco—Persian Wars — BC , between Ancient Greece and the Persian Empire ; centuries later, Western imperialist expansion included East Asians to the Yellow Peril. The sinologist Wing-Fai Leung explained the fantastic origins of the term and the derived racialist ideology: "The phrase yellow peril sometimes yellow terror or yellow spectre. Moreover, in the lateth and earlyth centuries, writers developed the Yellow Peril literary topos into codified, racialist motifs of narrative fiction, especially in novels and stories in the genres of invasion literature and colonial adventure, of racial war and science fiction. The racist and cultural stereotypes of the Yellow Peril originated in the late 19th century, when Chinese workers people of different skin-color, physiognomy, language and culture legally immigrated to Australia, Canada, the U.
If you strive too much to adapt, you run a risk of betraying yourself. Thus defiled, the woman is a sexual untouchable to other white men. Culturally, Asian-invasion novels ggladstone the white man's sexual fear of voracious Asian sexuality with scenes William ewart gladstone sadism a white woman in sexual peril, usually rape or seduction, aided by the sensual and moral release of opium. Retrieved 4 August A certain idea of life which is wild, passionate, and in tune with events. That is not a match for what the German and other troops of foreign powers, together with the Japanese troops, have done in China.
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Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The main purpose of this administration was to deliver Ireland a reform which would give it a devolved assembly, similar to those in place in Scotland and Wales since Men stood in the blaze of chimneys; the Sleeks free porn pics of factories were crowded; colliers came up from the mines; women held up their children on the banks that it might be said in after life that they had seen the Chancellor of the People go by. Langer, William L. He first entered the House of Commons inbeginning his political career as a High Torya grouping which became the Conservative Party under Robert Peel in The Whig Sir Charles Wood and the Tory Disraeli had both been perceived to have failed in the office and so this provided Gladstone with a great Milf sex diary opportunity. Gladstone riposted "It was enough to make William ewart gladstone sadism and Cobden turn in their graves". Only Robertson would remain in Liverpool to look after the business. His father was made a baronetof Fasque and Balfour, in Retrieved Because in his eyes, and in my eyes, too, as his humble disciple, Liberalism and Liberty were cognate terms; they were twin-sisters. Rector William ewart gladstone sadism the University of Edinburgh — The sculptor was James Pittendrigh McGillvray.
You will find below the horoscope of William Gladstone with his interactive chart, an excerpt of his astrological portrait and his planetary dominants.
- Gladstonian liberalism consisted of limited government expenditure and low taxation whilst making sure government had balanced budgets and the classical liberal stress on self-help and freedom of choice.
- He was noted for his moralistic leadership and his emphasis on world peace, economical budgets, political reform and efforts to resolve the Irish Question.
- In a career lasting over 60 years, he served for 12 years as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom , spread over four terms beginning in and ending in
- William Ewart Gladstone was a British Liberal statesman.
As a psycho-cultural perception of menace from the Eastern world, fear of the Yellow Peril was more racial than national, a fear derived, not from concern with a specific source of danger, from any one country or people, but from a vaguely ominous, existential fear of the faceless, nameless horde of yellow people opposite the Western world.
The racist ideology of the Yellow Peril is a "core imagery of apes, lesser men, primitives, children, madmen, and beings who possessed special powers", which are cultural representations of colored people that originated in the Graeco—Persian Wars — BC , between Ancient Greece and the Persian Empire ; centuries later, Western imperialist expansion included East Asians to the Yellow Peril.
The sinologist Wing-Fai Leung explained the fantastic origins of the term and the derived racialist ideology: "The phrase yellow peril sometimes yellow terror or yellow spectre. Moreover, in the lateth and earlyth centuries, writers developed the Yellow Peril literary topos into codified, racialist motifs of narrative fiction, especially in novels and stories in the genres of invasion literature and colonial adventure, of racial war and science fiction.
The racist and cultural stereotypes of the Yellow Peril originated in the late 19th century, when Chinese workers people of different skin-color, physiognomy, language and culture legally immigrated to Australia, Canada, the U. In , the French Orientalist and historian Ernest Renan warned Europeans of Eastern danger to the Western world; yet Renan had meant the Russian Empire — , a country and nation whom the West perceived as more Asiatic than European.
Since , in the practise of colonial imperialism, the stereotypes of Yellow Peril ideology gave concrete form to the anti-Asian racism that was cultural-currency in the Western worldview of Europe and North America. In , Germany, France, and Russia staged the Triple Intervention to the Treaty of Shimonoseki 17 April , which concluded the First Sino-Japanese War — , in order to compel Imperial Japan to surrender their Chinese colonies to the Europeans; that geopolitical gambit became an underlying casus belli of the Russo-Japanese War — To justify European cultural hegemony , the Kaiser used the allegorical lithograph Peoples of Europe, Guard Your Most Sacred Possessions , by Hermann Knackfuss , to communicate his geopolitics to other European monarchs.
The lithograph depicts Germany as the leader of Europe,   — collectively personified as "prehistoric warrior-goddesses being led by the Archangel Michael against the 'yellow peril' from the East" represented by "dark cloud of smoke [upon] which rests an eerily calm Buddha , wreathed in flame " described by British historian James Palmer. In the late 19th century, with the Treaty of Saint Petersburg , the Qing dynasty — China recovered the eastern portion of the Ili River basin Zhetysu , which Russia had occupied for a decade, since the Dungan Revolt — In s California, despite the Burlingame Treaty allowing legal migration of unskilled laborers from China, the native white working-class demanded that the U.
S government cease the immigration of "filthy yellow hordes" of Chinese people who took jobs from native-born white-Americans, especially during an economic depression. The Chinese are uncivilized, unclean, and filthy beyond all conception, without any of the higher domestic or social relations; lustful and sensual in their dispositions; every female is a prostitute of the basest order. Throughout the s and s, the leader of the Workingmen's Party of California , the Irish-born Denis Kearney was an extraordinary demagogue who successfully applied Yellow Peril ideology to his politics against the press, capitalists, politicians, and Chinese workers,  and concluded his speeches with the epilogue: "and whatever happens, the Chinese must go!
In , the anti-colonial Boxer Rebellion August — September reinforced the racist stereotypes of Asian people as a Yellow Peril to white people. The Society of the Righteous and Harmonious Fists the Boxers was a xenophobic martial-arts organization who blamed the problems of China on the presence of Western colonies in China proper. Most of the victims of the Boxer Rebellion were Chinese Christians, but the massacres of Chinese people were of no interest to the West, who demanded Asian blood to avenge the Western colonists killed by rebellious Chinese natives.
The press further supported the Yellow Peril apocalypse with quotations from the Sinophobic poems of the philosopher Vladimir Solovyov. In the West, news of Boxer atrocities against Western colonists stirred anti-Asian racism in Europe and North America, where that anti-colonial revolt was mis-perceived as a race war , between the yellow race and the white race.
Historically, Yellow Peril ideology recycles Boxer-Rebellion atrocities as false-proof that "Boxerism" innate, murderous hatred of Westerners is a Chinese cultural trait.
The history of the Boxer movement contains abundant warnings, as to the necessity of an attitude of constant vigilance, on the part of the European Powers, when there are any symptoms that a wave of nationalism is about to sweep over the Celestial Empire.
Hence, 61 years later, in , during the Cultural Revolution — , when the Red Guard attacked the British embassy and beat the diplomats, to their home country, the embassy staff explained the Red Guards' political violence as an outbreak of Boxerism , which is an innate, cultural characteristic of the Chinese people. On 27 July , Kaiser Wilhelm II gave the racist Hunnenrede Hun speech exhorting his soldiers to barbarism; that Imperial German soldiers depart Europe for China and suppress the Boxer Rebellion, by acting like "Huns" and committing atrocities against the Chinese Boxer and civilian :  : When you come before the enemy, you must defeat him, pardon will not be given, prisoners will not be taken!
Whoever falls into your hands will fall to your sword! Just as a thousand years ago the Huns, under their King Attila, made a name for themselves with their ferocity, which tradition still recalls; so may the name of Germany become known in China in such a way that no Chinaman will ever dare look a German in the eye, even with a squint! Annoyed by Foreign-Office censorship, the Kaiser published the unexpurgated Hun Speech, which "evoked images of a Crusade and considered the current crisis [the Boxer Rebellion] to amount to a war between Occident and Orient.
The Kaiser ordered the expedition-commander, Field Marshal Alfred von Waldersee , to behave barbarously, because the Chinese were, "by nature, cowardly, like a dog, but also deceitful". The Eight-Nation Alliance sacked Beijing in vengeance for the Boxer Rebellion; the magnitude of the rape, pillaging, and burning indicated "a sense that the Chinese were less than human" to the Western militaries. Look at the frightful sights one sees in the streets of Peking. See the filthy, tattered rags they wrap around them.
Smell them as they pass. Hear of their nameless immorality. Witness their shameless indecency, and picture them among your own people — Ugh! It makes you shudder! British admiral Roger Keyes recalled that: "Every Chinaman Women and girls, by the hundreds, have committed suicide to escape a worse fate at the hands of Russian and Japanese brutes. British soldiers threatened to kill a Chinese old man, unless he gave them his treasure. On learning he had no treasure, a rifleman prepared to bayonet the old man dead.
I'm going to shoot him. I've always had a longing to see what sort of wound a dum-dum [bullet] will make, and by Christ, I am going to try one on this blasted Chink! The German expedition of Field Marshal Waldersee arrived in China on 27 September , after the military defeat of the Boxer Rebellion by the Eight Nation Alliance; yet he launched 75 punitive raids into northern China to search for and destroy the remaining Boxers.
The punitive German soldiers killed more peasants than Boxer guerrillas, because, by autumn , the Society of the Righteous and Harmonious Fists posed no threat, military or political.
No, this is no crusade, no holy war; it is a very ordinary war of conquest. A campaign of revenge as barbaric as has never been seen in the last centuries, and not often at all in History That is not a match for what the German and other troops of foreign powers, together with the Japanese troops, have done in China.
The political praxis of Yellow Peril racism features a call for apolitical racial-unity among white people. To resolve a contemporary problem economic, social, political the racialist politician calls for white unity against the non-white Other who threatens from Asia. Despite their military defeat of the anti-colonial Boxer Rebellion, in the Western world, white racial-fear of Chinese nationalism became established as a cultural fear: That the Chinese race mean to invade, vanquish, and subjugate the Christian civilisation of the Western world.
The Yellow Peril racialism of the Austrian philosopher Christian von Ehrenfels a founder of Gestalt psychology proposed that the West and the East were in a Darwinian racial struggle for world domination, which the yellow race was winning.
Ehrenfels dismissed the Chinese as a racially inferior people whose Oriental culture lacked "all potentialities That through selective breeding with "genetically superior" Chinese women, the Japanese would create a race of "healthy, sly, cunning coolies", because the Chinese are virtuosos of sexual reproduction.
Europe invaded, conquered, and subjugated by a Sino—Japanese army of genetically superior soldiers in a race war that the Western powers imperial and democratic would be unable to thwart or win. To resolve the demographic imbalance between the East and the West, Ehrenfels proposed politically radical changes to the structures of European society, such as State control of human sexuality, by way of polygamy, which would ensure the procreation of a numerically and genetically superior nation of white people.
Only white men of high economic and genetic status would legally be allowed to father children. In Ehrenfels's polygamous patriarchy, women reside in communal barracks, where they collectively rear children. The State assigns each woman a husband for conjugal visits , solely for reproductive sexual-intercourse.
To end the threat of the Yellow Peril to the Western world, Ehrenfels proposed racial unity among the white nations in prosecuting a racial war to conquer the nations of Asia, before it became militarily infeasible, and so establish a racial world order that would feature an hereditary caste system, headed by the white race.
Ehrenfels said that the racially pure society he proposed would be realised in the far-future, because "the Aryan will only respond to the imperative of sexual reform when the waves of the Mongolian tide are lapping around his neck".
In Sex, Masculinity, and the 'Yellow Peril': Christian von Ehrenfels' Program for a Revision of the European Sexual Order, — , the historian Edward Ross Dickinson said that Ehrenfels always used metaphors of deadly water to express his racism and fear of the Yellow Peril: A flood of Chinese upon the West; a Chinese torrent of mud drowning Europe; the Japanese as a polluting liquid ; and that white Europeans would not respond to such a racial menace until the waves of Asians reached the neck.
Likewise, the historian Klaus Theweleit said that, in the European interwar period — , the political and racialist writings of the Freikorps , right-wing mercenaries, featured imagery of deadly water, in a time when Jews and Communists were the only perceived political and cultural threats to the worldview of right-wing Europeans.
Moreover, Dickinson said that a man like Baron Christian von Ehrenfels likely suffered the same sexual anxieties about masculinity, as did the right-wing writers, whose works Theweleit examined, but that only Ehrenfels projected his sexual insecurity into Yellow Peril racism, rather than the usual anti-Semitic myth of Judeo-Bolshevism , which is a racist prejudice more common to German culture. From , the Kaiser's government used Yellow Peril ideology to portray Imperial Germany as defender of the West against conquest from the East.
The s had spawned in the West the spectre of the "Yellow Peril", the rise to world dominance of the Asian peoples. The evidence cited was Asian population growth, immigration to the West America and Australia in particular , and increased Chinese settlement along the Russian border. These demographic and political fears were accompanied by a vague and ominous dread of the mysterious powers supposedly possessed by the initiates of Eastern religions.
There is a striking German picture of the s, depicting the dream that inspired Kaiser Wilhelm II to coin the term "Yellow Peril", that shows the union of these ideas.
It depicts the nations of Europe, personified as heroic, but vulnerable female figures guarded by the Archangel Michael, gazing apprehensively towards a dark cloud of smoke in the East, in which rests an eerily calm Buddha, wreathed in flame.
Combined with this was a sense of the slow sinking of the Abendland , the "Evening Land" of the West. This would be put most powerfully, by thinkers such as Oswald Spengler in The Decline of the West and the Prussian philosopher Moeller van den Bruck , a Russian-speaker obsessed with the coming rise of the East.
Both called for Germany to join the "young nations" of Asia through the adoption of such supposedly Asiatic practices as collectivism, "inner barbarism", and despotic leadership.
The identification of Russia with Asia would eventually overwhelm such sympathies, instead leading to a more-or-less straightforward association of Germany with the values of "The West", against the "Asiatic barbarism" of Russia. That was most obvious during the Nazi era [—], when virtually every piece of anti—Russian propaganda talked of the "Asiatic millions" or "Mongolian hordes", which threatened to over-run Europe, but the identification of the Russians as Asian, especially as Mongolian , continued well into the Cold War era [—].
As his cousin, Kaiser Wilhelm knew that Tsar Nicholas shared his anti-Asian racism and believed he could persuade the Tsar to abrogate the Franco-Russian Alliance and then to form a German—Russian alliance against Britain. Not the substance, but only the form, of Wilhelm II's 'yellow peril' propaganda disturbed the official policy of the Wilhelmstrasse.
In the 19th century, the racial and cultural stereotypes of Yellow Peril ideology colored German perceptions of Russia as a nation more Asiatic that European. Despite that justifying historical background, Yellow Peril racism was not universally accepted in the societies of Europe. French intellectual Anatole France said that Yellow Peril ideology was to be expected from a racist man such as the Kaiser. Inverting the racist premise of Asian invasion, France showed that European imperialism in Asia and Africa indicated that the European White Peril was the true threat to the world.
The reader is assured, in the most positive manner, that this is the doing of the enterprising nation of Japan". In 18th-century Britain, the Chinese were considered a civilised people, but British imperial expansion in the 19th century facilitated racialist hostility towards Asians. The Chinese people were stereotyped as an inherently-depraved and corrupt people. In May , William Ewart Gladstone criticized anti-Chinese immigration laws in Australia for penalizing their hard worker virtues diligence, thrift and integrity , instead of penalizing their vices gambling and opium-smoking.
Christendom and European civilisation. If the Russians went on giving ground, the yellow race would, in twenty years time, be in Moscow and Posen". In reply to the Kaiser, King Edward said he "could not see it. The Japanese were an intelligent, brave and chivalrous nation, quite as civilised as the Europeans, from whom they only differed by the pigmentation of their skin".
The first British usage of the Yellow Peril phrase was in the Daily News 21 July report describing the Boxer Rebellion as "the yellow peril in its most serious form". In the early decades of the 20th century, Britain buzzed with Sinophobia.
Respectable middle-class magazines, tabloids and comics, alike, spread stories of ruthless Chinese ambitions to destroy the West. The Chinese master-criminal with his "crafty yellow face twisted by a thin-lipped grin", dreaming of world domination had become a staple of children's publications.
In , "The Chinese in England: A Growing National Problem" an article distributed around the Home Office, warned of "a vast and convulsive Armageddon to determine who is to be the master of the world, the white or yellow man. In the British popular imagination, the Limehouse district of London was a centre of depravity and vice, sexual prostitution, opium smoking and gambling. In fact, that was a legalistic pretext for expelling the Chinese inhabitants of London from Britain proper.
The Chinese Exclusion Act replaced the Burlingame Treaty , which had encouraged Chinese migration to the US and provided that "citizens of the United States in China, of every religious persuasion, and Chinese subjects, in the United States, shall enjoy entire liberty of conscience, and shall be exempt from all disability or persecution, on account of their religious faith or worship, in either country", withholding only the right of naturalized citizenship.
In the Western US, the regular cultural lynching Chinese people yielded the coinage of a phrase, " Having a Chinaman's chance in Hell ", meaning no chance at all. In Oregon, 34 Chinese gold miners were ambushed, robbed and killed in the Hells Canyon Massacre Seeing that the heading is an appeal to American citizens, to their love of country and liberty, I feel my countrymen, and myself, are honored in being thus appealed to, as citizens in the cause of liberty.
He originally intended to take orders in the Church of England , but his father dissuaded him. George Howell wrote to Gladstone on 12 February: "There is one lesson to be learned from this Election, that is Organization Gladstone paid little attention to military affairs but in pushed through Parliament major changes in Army organisation. Gladstone gave evidence to the Committee: "I approached the subject in the first instance as I think everyone in Parliament of necessity did, with the strongest possible prejudice against the proposal [to interfere]; but the facts stated were of so extraordinary and deplorable a character, that it was impossible to withhold attention from them. He also served as Chancellor of the Exchequer four times. Baldwin — N.
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You will find below the horoscope of William Gladstone with his interactive chart, an excerpt of his astrological portrait and his planetary dominants. Find all the celebrities having this aspect.
List of all the celebrities born on December Hover your mouse on an object and click to display information. His colour is red, his stone is the heliotrope, his day is Tuesday, and his professions are businessman, policeman, sportsman, surgeon If your sign is Aries or your Ascendant is Aries: you are courageous, frank, enthusiastic, dynamic, fast, bold, expansive, warm, impulsive, adventurous, intrepid, warlike, competitive, but also naive, domineering, self-centred, impatient, rash, thoughtless, blundering, childish, quick-tempered, daring or primitive.
Animals: Rams and sheeps. Food: Leeks, hops, onions, shallots, spices. Herbs and aromatics: mustard, capers, Cayenne pepper, chilli peppers. Flowers and plants: thistles, mint, bryonies, honeysuckles. Trees: hawthorns, thorny trees and bushes. Stones, Metals and Salts: diamonds, iron, potassium phosphate. Her colour is green or brown, her stone is the emerald, her day is Friday, her professions are cook, artist, estate agent, banker, singer If your sign is Taurus or your Ascendant is Taurus: you are faithful, constant, sturdy, patient, tough, persevering, strong, focused, sensual, stable, concrete, realistic, steady, loyal, robust, constructive, tenacious.
You need security, but you are also stubborn, rigid, possessive, spiteful, materialistic, fixed or slow. Animals: bovines. Food: apples, pears, berries, corn and other cereals, grapes, artichokes, asparagus, beans. Herbs and aromatics: sorrels, spearmint, cloves. Flowers and plants: poppies, roses, digitales, violets, primroses, aquilegia, daisies. Trees: apple trees, pear trees, fig-trees, cypresses, ash trees. Stones, Metals and Salts: copper, calcium and potassium sulphate, emeralds.
His colour is green or silver, his stone is the crystal, his day is Wednesday, his professions are journalist, lawyer, presenter, dancer, salesman, travel agent, teacher If your sign is Gemini or if your Ascendant is Gemini: you are expressive, lively, adaptable, quick-witted, humorous, sparkling, playful, sociable, clever, curious, whimsical, independent, polyvalent, brainy, flexible, ingenious, imaginative, charming, fanciful but also capricious, scattered, moody, shallow, inquisitive, opportunistic, unconcerned, selfish, fragile, ironical or changeable.
Animals: monkeys, butterflies, parrots, budgerigars. Food: dried fruits, chestnuts, ground-level vegetables: peas, broad beans, etc. Herbs and aromatics: aniseed, marjoram, lemon balm, cumin. Flowers and plants: lilies of the valley, lavenders, myrtle, ferns, Venus-hair-ferns, bittersweets. Trees: nut trees such as chestnut trees. Stones, Metals and Salts: agates, mercury, silicas and potashes. Her colour is white or black, her stone is the moonstone, her day is Monday, her professions are catering, the hotel trade, property, antique dealer, archaeologist If your sign is Cancer or your Ascendant is Cancer: you are emotional, sentimental, peaceful, imaginative, sensitive, faithful, resistant, protective, vulnerable, generous, romantic, nostalgic, tender, poetic-minded, motherly or fatherly, dreamy, indolent, greedy, devoted but also timorous, unrealistic, evasive, passive, anxious, dependent, stubborn, moody, passive, lazy, touchy, stay-at-home or inaccessible.
Animals: crabs, animals with shells. Food: milk, fishes, watery fruits and vegetables, turnips, white and red cabbages. Herbs and aromatics: tarragon, verbena, saxifrage. Flowers and plants: geraniums, white roses and white flowers in general, water lilies, morning glory, bear's breeches, and lilies. Trees: all trees full of sap. Stones, Metals and Salts: pearls, silver, lime and calcium phosphate. Leo governs the heart and the spine, and the eyes, according to some authors. His colour is gold or orange, his stone is the diamond, his day is Sunday, his professions are actor, manager, jeweller, fashion and arts, and action e.
If your sign is Leo or your Ascendant is Leo: you are proud, determined, strong-willed, loyal, solemn, generous, ambitious, courageous, heroic, conquering, creative, confident, seductive, happy, daring, fiery, majestic, honest, magnanimous, charismatic, responsible, noble, dramatic but also domineering, vain, susceptible, bossy, stubborn, intolerant, self-centred, violent, quick-tempered, nonchalant. Animals: lions and felines in general.
Food: meat and especially red meat, rice, honey, cereals, grapes, iron-rich vegetables: watercress, spinach etc. Herbs and aromatics: saffron, mint, rosemary, common rue Ruta graveolens. Flowers and plants: marigolds, sunflowers, celandines, passion flowers. Trees: palm trees, laurel, walnuts, olive trees, lemon and orange trees. Stones, Metals and Salts: gold, rubies, magnesium and sodium phosphate.
Her colour is green or yellow, her stone is the agate, her day is Wednesday, her professions are accountant, secretary, writer, computer scientist, nurse, doctor If your sign is Virgo or your Ascendant is Virgo: you are brainy, perspicacious, attentive to detail and numbers, analytical, serious, competent, scrupulous, sensible, modest, logical, tidy, well-organized, clean, hard-working, provident, honest, faithful, reserved, shy, helpful, a perfectionist, but also narrow-minded, calculating, irritating, petty, anxious, cold, repressed or caustic.
Animals: dogs, cats and all pets. Food: root vegetables: carrots, celeriac, kohlrabies, potatoes etc Also dried fruits such as chestnuts.
Herbs and aromatics: the same as Gemini whose ruler is Mercury too, lilies of the valley, lavenders, myrtles, ferns, Venus-hair-ferns, bittersweets, clovers. Flowers and plants: small bright-coloured flowers, especially blue and yellow, such as dandelions, buttercups, yellow dead-nettles, buglosses, forget-me-nots ; cardamoms, oak leaves, acorns. Trees: all nut trees, e.
Stones, Metals and Salts: sards red agate , mercury, nickel, potassium sulphate and iron phosphate. His colour is blue or red not too bright , his stone is the opal, his day is Friday, his professions are in the beauty, luxury or fashion industry, musician, artistic creator, lawyer, mediator If your sign is Libra or your Ascendant is Libra: you are sentimental, charming, polite, refined, loyal, a pacifist, fair, distinguished, light-hearted, romantic, learned, ethereal, nice, well-groomed, a perfectionist, calm, sweet, tolerant, sociable, elegant, considerate, seductive, aesthetic, indulgent, but also hesitant, weak, indecisive, selfish, fragile, fearful, indolent, cool or even insensitive.
Animals: lizards and small reptiles. Food: berries, apples, pears, grapes, artichokes, asparagus, beans, spices, corn and other cereals. Herbs and aromatics: mint, Cayenne pepper. Flowers and plants: hydrangea, big roses, blue flowers and those associated with Taurus also ruled by Venus, namely, poppies, digitales, violets, primroses, aquilegia, and daisies. Trees: ash trees, poplars, apple trees, pear trees, fig-trees, cypresses.
Stones, Metals and Salts: sapphires, jade, copper, potassium and sodium phosphate. Her colour is black or dark red, her stone is the malachite, her day is Tuesday, her professions are gynaecologist, psychiatrist, detective, the military, army, stockbroker, asset managemer If your sign is Scorpio or your Ascendant is Scorpio: you are secretive, powerful, domineering, resistant, intuitive, asserted, charismatic, magnetic, strong-willed, perspicacious, passionate, creative, independent, vigorous, generous, loyal, hard-working, persevering, untameable, possessive, cunning, ambitious, sexual, proud, intense, competitive but also aggressive, destructive, stubborn, anxious, tyrannical, perverse, sadistic, violent, self-centred, complex, jealous.
Animals: insects and other invertebrates. Food: the same strong tasting food as for Aries: red meat, garlic, onions, leeks, spices. Herbs and aromatics: aloes, witch hazels, nepeta, mustard, capers, peppers. Flowers and plants: geraniums, rhododendrons, thistles, mint, honeysuckles.
Trees: blackthorns, bushes. Stones, Metals and Salts: opals, steel and iron, calcium and sodium sulphate. His colour is indigo, orange or red, his stone is the carbuncle, his day is Thursday, his professions are explorer, commercial traveller, pilot, philosopher, writer, clergyman If your sign is Sagittarius or your Ascendant is Sagittarius: you are charismatic, fiery, energetic, likeable, benevolent, tidy, jovial, optimistic, extraverted, amusing, straightforward, demonstrative, charming, independent, adventurous, straightforward, bold, exuberant, freedom-loving, but also angry, egotistical, authoritarian, inconstant, unfaithful, brutal, unreliable, unconscious, tactless, or derogatory.
Animals: fallow deers, hinds, and the family Cervidae. Food: grapefruits, raisins, onions, leeks, bulb vegetables. Herbs and aromatics: aniseeds, sage, bilberries, cinnamon, borage, mosses, sage, blueberry, patience, balsam. Flowers and plants: dandelions, carnations, thistles. Trees: mulberry trees, chestnut trees, ash trees, lemon trees, oaks. Stones, Metals and Salts: topaz, tin, silica, potassium chloride.
Her colour is black, or grey, green or brown, her stone is the jade, her day is Saturday, her professions are politician, researcher, jurist, scientist, engineer, administrator If your sign is Capricorn or your Ascendant is Capricorn: you are serious, cold, disciplined, patient, focused, thoughtful, ambitious, indomitable, cautious, lucid, persistent, provident, steady, introverted, stern, wilful, hard-working, responsible, persevering, honest, realistic, loyal, reserved, resolute, moralistic, quiet, rigorous, attached and reliable.
But you may also be curt, withdrawn, calculating, petty, cruel, unpleasant, ruthless, selfish, dull, rigid, slow or sceptical. Animals: goats, pigs and animals with split hooves. Food: meat, potatoes, barley, beets, spinach, medlars, onions, quinces, flour and starchy food in general. Herbs and aromatics: indian hemp, comfreys, centaureas, hemlocks, henbanes. Flowers and plants: ivies, wild pansies, amaranths, pansies. Trees: pines, willows, flowering ashes, aspens, poplars, alders.
Stones, Metals and Salts: turquoises, amethysts, silver, lead, calcium phosphate, calcium fluorine. His colour is navy blue or indigo, his stone is the sapphire, his day is Saturday, his professions are astrologer, high technologies, scientist, astronaut, psychiatrist, actor, electrician If your sign is Aquarius or your Ascendant is Aquarius: you are idealistic, altruistic, detached, independent, original, surprising, gifted, contradictory, innovative, humanistic, likeable, friendly, self-confident, impassive, quiet, intuitive, creative, charitable, elusive, disconcerting, generous, tolerant, paradoxical, and you cannot stand any kind of constraint.
But you may also be marginal, resigned, distant, utopian, maladjusted, eccentric and cold. Animals: long distance big birds such as the albatross. Food: citrus fruits, apples, limes, dried fruits and easily preserved food. Herbs and aromatics: peppers, hot red peppers, star-fruits, and generally herbs that are spicy or with an unusual flavour. Flowers and plants: orchids, dancing ladies, polygonatum. Trees: fruit trees. Stones, Metals and Salts: aquamarines, aluminium, sodium chloride and magnesium phosphate.
Her colour is green or purple or turquoise blue, her stone is the amethyst, her day is Thursday, her professions are seamanship and and faraway travels, musician, social and emergency worker, doctor, writer and jobs in remote places If your sign is Pisces or your Ascendant is Pisces: you are emotional, sensitive, dedicated, adaptable, nice, wild, compassionate, romantic, imaginative, flexible, opportunist, intuitive, impossible to categorized, irrational, seductive, placid, secretive, introverted, pleasant, artistic, and charming.